Teucrium chamaedrys L.
2581 (3). T. chamaedrys L., Sp. Pl., ed. 1 (1753) 565; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc.,II (1928) 245; Tutin et Wood, Fl. Eur., III (1972) 132; T. chamaedrys L. f. viride Beck., in Ann. Hofmus Wien, 2 (1887) 147; Стоян., Стеф., Китан., Фл. Бълг., изд. 4, II (1967) 894; Т. chamaedrys L. var. glanduliferum auct. bulg. non Hausskn. (1897); Exs : Pl. Bulg. Exsicc. No 712 — Обикновено подъбиче
Fam: Labiatae Juss. (Lamiaceae)
Genus: Teucrium L.
Species: Teucrium chamaedrys L.
English Name: Wall germander
ђ. The rhizome stiff, heavily branched. Stem 10 - 45 cm high, 0.2 - 0.4 cm wide, single or branched, wooden at base, unclear four-spindle, at the base less often, upwardly thickening long, simple fiber. The leaves 1 - 6 mm long, just fibrous stems, 0.8 - 4 cm long, 0.8 - 2.5 cm wide, wedge-shaped, lance, elliptical, rounded, rhombic, finely serrated to rounded jagged, dilated, on both sides diluted up to densely fibrous, on the edge ribbed, upwardly protruding, elliptical, lanceolate, toothed only to the top, toothed, on both sides, just fibrous, ribbed, green or red-purpled. Blossoms red to pinkish, at the top of the stem, on 2 - 7 mm long, just fibrous stems. The calyx 4 - 8 mm long, bell-shaped, with 5 sharp triangular, at the top of the toothed teeth, at the base and on the edges thicker, on the surface rarely just filamentous, green or reddish. The tube of the corolla 4 - 7 mm long, lower lip triple, middle part rounded, along the wave edge, lateral triangular, the rest of the upper lip sharp triangular; the tube and the residues shares from the outside to the base of the middle part are thick, uneven, deflected fibrous, the middle share outside is rarely fibrous to the naked, in the middle from the inside simple fibrous, along the edge ciliated. Nuts 1.2 - 1.7 mm long, broadly elliptical, smooth or slightly wrinkled.
From: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989)
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Teucrium chamaedrys, the wall germander, is a species of ornamental plant native to Mediterranean region of Europe and North Africa, and to the Middle East as far east as Iran. It was historically used as a medicinal herb for the treatment of gout and sometimes as a component of Venice treacle.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - V, Fruitful: VIII - IX.
References: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow on dry grassy and rocky places, out of the bushes. Distributed from sea level up to 2000 m above sea level. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe, West Asia, North Africa.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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