Vicia pannonica Crantz
1864 (20). V. pannonica Crantz, Stirp. Austr. ed. 2, V (1769) 393; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 802; Ball, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 134; Exs.: PI. Bulg. Exsicc. № 462—666 — Панонска глушина
Fam: Leguminose Juss. (Fabaceae)
Genus: Vicia L.
Species: Vicia pannonica Crantz
English Name: Hungarian vetch
Annual plant. Stem (10.0) 40.0 - 60.0 (150.0) cm high, erect or ascending, remontant, branched from the base, polygonal, with clear some dark colored longitudinal ribs, 2.0 - 2.2 mm thick, short fitting fiber. double feather shaped leaves, on top with simple or branched tendril. Sheets (4) 7 - 9 (10) pairs of 0.5 mm long stalks, linear, oblong, elliptic to ovate back, on top blunt, deeply incised bristlecone or almost drills, sometimes upper leaflets atop tapered, on both surfaces dense white fibrous, green to gray-green, 8.0 - 30.0 mm in length and 2.0 - 7.0 mm wide. Stipule 2.5 - 3.0 (4.0) mm long, uniform, ovoid, elliptical, sometimes lower split, arrow-shaped, with dark round spot, entire, naked. Blossoms 2 - 4 (5) in short cluster-like panicles in the axils of leaves, shorter than last located along the stem, rarely single. Blossom handles 2.0 - 3.0 mm in length, densely long fibrous. Calyx to 10.0 mm long, pipe-like bell-like, at the base slightly asymmetrical, tapered, long fiber by mid bilabial; styliform teeth linear, almost equal to each other, the lower slightly longer or shorter than the tube. Corolla 14.0 - 20.0 mm long. Flag to 12.0 mm wide, heart-shaped back, incised on top, the middle more or less suddenly narrowed in wide nail, during flowering curled up, considerably longer than the wings and keel, yellow, tan or purple dorsal hand-fitting long fiber. Ovoid elliptical wings, the base narrowed in tight long claws longer than the boat, greenish, tan or purple, naked. Ovoid elliptical keel, at the base with long narrow claws, yellow, tan or purple goals. Beans 2.0 - 3.5 cm long and 7.0 - 11.0 mm wide, elongated rhombic on top tucked sharp, flattened, tan, thick fibrous long, with 2 - 8 seeds. Seeds 3.0 - 4.0 mm in diameter, lenticular cumulus, velvety black, smooth; scar 1/6 - 1/4 of the circumference of the seed.
subsp. pannonica; V. f pannonica. konstantinovii Urum., Mag. Bot. Lap. XXV (1927) 102. Corolla yellow or tan. Widespread.
subsp. striata (MV) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. (1878) 209; Hayek, 1. c .; V. striata M. B., Fl. Taur. Cauc. II (1808) 162; Stoyan. Steph., Fluoro. Bul. Ed. 1, II (1925) 683; V. purpurascens DC., Hort. Monsp. (1813) 155; V. pannonica var. purpurascens Ser. in DC., Prodr. H (1825) 364; V. striata f. hisarica Urum., 1. c. Corolla purple. Widespread.
„Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)
Economic significance. Stubborn weed, good fodder and honey plant.
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Vicia pannonica is a species of vetch known by the common name Hungarian vetch. It is native to southern, central Europe and western Asia, and it is sometimes cultivated as an agricultural crop for use as hay and fodder. It may escape cultivation and grow as a casual roadside weed. This is an annual herb producing a hairy, climbing stem supported by the tendrils on its leaf-tips. The leaves are each made up of 10 to 20 oval or oblong leaflets measuring up to 2.5 centimeters in length. The inflorescence bears two to four pealike flowers each up to 2 centimeters long. The flower corolla is yellow or purple-marked and the back of the banner (the large top petal) is coated in soft hairs. The fruit is a hairy legume pod 2 to 3 centimeters long.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Weed through the fields, mostly in cereal, rarely in row crops and vineyards. Widespread until around 1500 meters altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central, Southern and Eastern Europe, Southwest Asia, Caucasus.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: it is not - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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