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Vicia sativa complex  Mettin et Hannelt –Уров

865 (21}. V.sativa complex. Mettin et Hannelt, Die KulturpfJanze XII (1964) 163—225; Hannelt et Mettm, op. c. XIV (1966) 137 - 161 — Уров

Annuals plants. Stem 20.0 - 80.0 cm high, more or less upright, remontant, simple or branched from the base, sometimes with underground shoots, quadrangular to polygonal, with longitudinal ribs 1,0 - 2,0 mm thick, sparsely short fiber, naked. double feather-like leaves on top with long branched tendril, sometimes with lower small awn. Leaves 3 - 8 pairs of 1.0 mm long fibrous stalks, linear, elliptical, broadly elliptical, linear wedge, back wedge or wedge-shaped oval, reverse ovate or heart-shaped back, the top cut, shallow to deep cut, short or pointed bristlecone, whole or deeply cut jagged to feather-like cut, from both sides short densely fibrous to bare, 6.0 - 20.0 (-30.0) mm long and 1.0 - 6.0 mm wide. Stipule 10.0 - 12.0 mm in length, same, lower and middle usually split, egg-shaped upper portion, extended peaked, with a dark spot, the lower fan-deep triangular serrated or linear smooth edge; ovoid, elliptical upper, more or less entire; all fibrous. 2 blossoms (3 - 4) or single, in bosoms of leaves, along the stem length, shorter than the axillary leaf, sometimes underground offshoot, with small kleystogamiya blossoms. Blossom handles up to 3.0 - 4.0 mm in length, densely short fiber, long fiber diluted bare. Calyx 7.0 - 13.0 (-15.0) mm long, pipe-like bell-similar, fiber to the naked, correct; linear triangular teeth, equal to each other, shorter, equal to or longer than the tube. Corolla (7,0-) 10.0 - 20.0 (-30.0) mm long. Flag 12.0 - 15.0 mm wide, reverse ovate to elliptic wide, incised on the top, right or tucked to 90°, in the middle suddenly narrowed into a broad and long claw, longer than the wings and keel, bright red violet, red purple to pale pink, sometimes greenish or pale bluish, with dark purple veins, naked. Ovoid elliptical wings, the foundation extended elliptical growth, narrowed in thin long claws, longer than the boat, reddish purple, red purple to pale violet, to purple pink or dark carmine, naked. The keel elliptical ovoid, with thin long nails, purple to pale blue, naked. Beans 3.0 - 5.5 cm long and 2.5 - 8.0 mm wide, linear, on top drained tucked, flattened or cylindrical, pinch or not pinch between seeds, yellowish light brown, brown to black, almost naked, completely short ciliary or fibrous, with 6 - 12 seed under maturation usually tear skirt, less unbroken, the smooth edge. The seeds (1.9) 2.0 - 5.0 (6.3) mm wide and (1.8) 2.0 - 4.0 (5.2) mm thick globular, not pressed to lenticular, yellow-green to dark brown, smooth; scar of 1/4 - 1/6 of the circumference of the seed.

Economic significance. Excellent fodder, honey, weed.

Note: studies of Sveshnikov (1935, 1936, 1940) and Hannelt and Mettin (1964, 1966) revealed that the complex V. sativa is composed of annuals, autogamous (and kleistogamous) species, differing more or less morphologically. Main speciation process is downward disploidiya 2n = 14 (V. amphicarpa, V. incisa) - 2n = 12 (V, angustifolia, V. sativa) - 2n = 10 (V. cordata). The individual types are characterized by chromosome number, characteristics of the beans, of the seed and the calyx, and part of the corolla shape of leaves. Insulating mechanisms in this group closely (Sibling) species barriers of self incompatibility and chromosomal and gene sterility. The distinction, though sometimes difficult, it is possible not only on the basis of chromosome number, but also correlations between morphological traits. In Bulgaria are established five types of complex.

1   Leaflets at least one of the lower and middle leaves deeply incised jagged ...................................................................... 21b. V. incisa MV
1*  Leaflets entire ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 2
2  Plants with underground shoots and underground kleystogamiya reduced blossoms, forming small, 1 - 2 seed pods underground ................................................................................................................................................................................ 21. V. amphicarpa Dorth.
2*  Plants without underground shoots with kleystogamiya  blossoms .............................................................................................................. 3
3   The bean between seeds more or less clear strangulated, always laterally flattened, light brown to brown ................................................................................................................................................................................ 21d. V. sativa L. V. s. str,
3* The bean between seeds not strangulated, cylindrical, dark brown to black ................................................................................................. 4
4  The bean dark brown, rarely almost black, with 8 - 9 seeds. Flag 18.0 - 22.0 mm red-purple. A calyx teeth longer than the tube. Leaflets oblong or oval wedge, the most clear cut ..................................................................................................................................... 21e. V. cordata Wulf.
4* The beans black or brownish, with (9) 10 (11) seeds. Flag light or bright red violet. A calyx teeth shorter, rarely equal length with tube. Petals linear, pointed or blunt, just cut ............................. …………………......………………………………………… 21c. V. angustifolia Grufb.
„Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)

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Fam:   Leguminose Juss. (Fabaceae)
Genus:   Vicia L.
Species: Vicia sativa L.
English Name: Common vetch, Garden vetch, Tare

Description:

21d. V. sativa L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 736, s. str.; Mettin et Hannelt, op. c. 212 — Пролетен фий, Уров

Annual plant. Leaflets of middle and upper leaves most extended wedge, reverse ovate or heart-shaped back, blunt, cut, more or less incised. Calyx teeth longer, seldom equal the tube. Flag svetlochervenovioletovo to pink. Wings more intensely colored, most often purple. Beans (4.0) 5.0 to 5.5 cm long and 6.5 - 8.0 mm wide, between seeds clearly strangulated, laterally flattened, yellowish, light brown, usually short fiber, often velvety, with (6 ) 7 - 8 seeds. Seed (3.6) 4.2 - 5.2 (5.6) mm wide and (2.0) 3.2 - 4.2 (4.9) mm thick.
Cultivated as fodder, in places like forming weeds in the cultures.
Cultivar. Cultivated as fodder.

„Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)

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Vicia sativa, known as the common vetch, garden vetch, tare or simply "the vetch", is a nitrogen fixing leguminous plant in the family Fabaceae. Although considered a weed when found growing in a cultivated grainfield, this hardy plant is often grown as green manure or livestock fodder. There is no firm evidence that this is the same as the "tare" in some English translations of the Bible (as in the "Parable of the Tares") – ryegrass (Lolium) is another candidate.[citation needed]
There are at least four subspecies generally accepted:

Description

Vicia sativa is a sprawling annual herb, a member of the pea family Fabaceae, with hollow, four-sided, hairless to sparsely hairy stems which can reach two meters in maximum length. The leaves are stipulate, alternate and compound, each made up of 3 to 8 opposite pairs of linear, lance-shaped, oblong, or wedge-shaped, needle-tipped leaflets up to 3.5 centimeters long. Each compound leaf ends in a branched tendril. The pealike flowers occur in the leaf axils, solitary or in pairs. The flower corolla is 1 to 3 centimeters in length and bright pink-purple in color, more rarely whitish or yellow. The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees.[2] The fruit is a legume pod up to 6 or 7 centimeters long which is hairy when new and smooth later, brown or black when ripe. It contains 4-12 seeds.[3][4]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Bloom: V - VIII.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: In scrub and grassy places, weed in the spring and winter cereals or darnel. Widespread until around 1200 meters altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe, Southwest Asia, Mediterranean.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: yes, it is - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096

1. 2. 3. 4.

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