Viola kitaibeliana Schult.
(32). V. kitaibliana Schult. in Roem. et Schult., Syst. Veget. V(1819) 583; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1925) 517; Valent., Merkm. et A. Schmidt, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 281; V. tricolor var. kitaibeliana (Schult.) Boiss., Fl. Or. I (1867) 466; V. tricolor var. tenella Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rum Byth I (1843) 237— Китайбелова теменуга
Fam: Violaceae Batsch
Genus: Viola L.
Species: Viola kitaibeliana Schult.
English Name: Dwarf violet
An annual plant. The root is thin, 4 - 8 cm long. Stem erect or raised, simple or branched, 3 - 20 cm high, at the lower part with short, sharp, dense, directed backwards hairs, usually naked upwards. Leaves dumb toothed, with rogh bristles at least on the petioles, edge and veins below; lower and middle rounded ovate to ovate, often shallowly herth-shaped at the base, 5 - 30 mm long and almost as wide, with petioles twice as long or equal to the leaf blades; upper oblong-elliptic or linear-lance, more densely bristly, 3 - 15 mm long, 2 - 6 mm wide, obtusely pointed at the apex, wedge-shaped narrowed at the base, with petiole 2 - 3 (4) times shorter than the leaf blade. Stipules glabrous or bristly at the edge; on the lower leaves usually entire, linearly spatulate; on the middle and upper palmately separated; the lateral sections 2 - 3 (5) external and 0 - 2 (3) internal - linear; the middle particle is large, similar to the corresponding leaf, toothed or entire, narrowed or rounded at the base, with a petiole 1 - 3 times shorter than the leaf blade. Flower petioles 2 - 12 cm long, short bristly to the middle, rarely glabrous, with bracts below the curve. Flowers 1 - 3 (5) per stem, single in leaf axils, rectangular or trapezoidal, 5 - 8 (13) mm high, 4 - 6 (8) mm wide, odorless. Sepals lance, glabrous, on the edge most often with forward ciliated hairs, with appendages 6 - 8 mm long and about 2 mm wide; appendages rectangular or rounded, 1.5 - 3.0 mm long. Petals pale yellow or whitish, rarely upper and lateral pale blue, concave in the calyx, shorter than it, oblong-ovate, upper 4 - 7 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide, spread back and sideways; lateral 5 - 8 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide, at the base with cilia directed to the upper (slightly overlapping them); lower together with the spur 8 - 10 (13) mm long, 3 - 5 (6) mm wide, at the base more intense yellow, with 3 - 5 dark purple veins, narrowed to 1.0 - 1.5 mm long, inside ciliated claw and 2 - 3 mm long, pale purple or white, equal to or slightly longer than the calyx appendages spur, Ovary naked; the style knee-shaped, elbow, curved, gradually extended from base to tip; the stigma entire, with a wide opening and a very short lower lip. The box is pale brown, broadly ovoid, 5 - 6 mm long and 4 - 5 mm wide, naked, on an upright or slightly deflected side petiole. Seeds yellow-brown, elliptical, 1.5 - 1.75 mm long, 0.75 - 1.0 mm wide; appendage short.
From: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979)
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Viola kitaibeliana, the dwarf violet, is a plant species in the genus Viola. It is native to a large area from the Canary Islands, across Europe, to northern Iran and southern Turkmenistan.
Besides the nominate taxon, there are two other infraspecific taxa which are recognised in Plants of the World Online as of 2017:
- Viola kitaibeliana subsp. kitaibeliana
- Viola kitaibeliana subsp. machadiana (Cout.) Capelo & C.Aguiar
- Viola kitaibeliana subsp. trimestris (DC. ex Ging.) Espeut
This herbaceous plant is not higher than 12 cm. Like all violets the flowers are zygomorphic.
- Viola arvensis subsp. kitaibeliana (Schult.) Mateo & Figuerola
- Viola brachyantha Stapf
- Viola karakalensis Klokov
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Viola kitaibeliana Schult. is an accepted name
From: Viola kitaibeliana Schult. — The Plant List
www.theplantlist.org › tpl1.1 › record › kew-2460597
M Viola kitaibeliana Schult. is an accepted name. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Viola (family Violaceae). The record derives from ...
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Flowering Time: Blooms: III - VI, fruiting :. -VII.
References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, www.theplantlist.org › tpl1.1 › record › kew-2460597
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in grassy desolate, pastures, dry meadows, fields, in the plains and the lower mountain belt. Widespread, from sea level to 1200 m above sea level. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Southern Europe (probably transferred to Sweden), Southwest Asia (Asia Minor).
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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