Viola perinensis Becker
2082 (19). V. perinensis Becker, Feddes Repert. XVII (1921) 74; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1925) 510; Valent. Merxm. et A. Schmidt, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 276; V. degeniana Urum. et Javorka, Спис. Бълг. Акад. Наук. XXVIII (1923) 117; V. perinensis var. bojadschievii Rech. fil., Mag. Bot. Lap. XXXII (1933) 152; V. grisebachiana auct. Stoj. et Stef., Фл. Бълг., изд. 2 (1933) 725; изд. 3 (1948) 790, поп Vis.; V. grisebachiana var. perinensis (Becker) Stoj. Stef. et Kitan., Фл. Бълг. изд. 4, II (1967) 736. Exs,; PL Bulg. Exsicc. No 373, p.p, — Пиринска теменуга
Fam: Violaceae Batsch
Genus: Viola L.
Species: Viola perinensis Becker
English Name: no common name found
Perennial ъcompletely bare plant with sloping, branched rhizome, developing 2 - 6 (10), often underground or aboveground, lying or raised, 3 - 5 (10) cm tall stems, with short internodes. Leaves fleshy, oblong, oblong-elliptic or elliptically shovel-like, 5 - 16 mm long, 3 - 8 mm wide, entire, sparsely shallow, obtuse and sparsely toothed, with 1 - 2 (3) teeth on the side, at the top obtuse, wedge-shaped at the base in a flat or up to 1.5 times longer than the leaf blade petioles. Stipules entire, similar in shape to the leaves, smaller than them, more wedge-shaped narrowed in a ptiole, 1.5 - 2 times longer than the leaf blade; the leaves at the base of the flower ptioles usually have small, linear stipules. Flower ptioles 3 - 10 cm long, with bracts below the curve. Flowers 1 - 3 per stem, single in the axils of the middle and upper leaves, seen backwards trapezoidal, 2 - 3 cm high and 1.6 - 2.5 cm wide, odorless. Sepals oblong-lance or oblong-ovate, with appendages 8 - 10 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide, obtuse, entire or indistinctly shallowly toothed, often at the base with short brown glandular cilia; appendages rectangular or rounded, serrated, 1.5 - 2.5 mm long. Petals yellow or blue-violet; upper upwards, rounded back ovoid, to almost round, 14 - 18 mm long, 12 -14 mm wide; lateral asymmetrically back ovoid, 13 - 15 mm long, 7 - 10 mm wide, at the base with cilia and sometimes with 1 - 3 longitudinal violet veins, spreading to the side and curved to the upper - overlap them significantly; lower petal back heart-shaped, together with the spur 18 - 30 mm long, 11 - 15 mm wide, with 5 - 7 longitudinal violet veins, narrowed at the base into 3 - 5 mm long, grooved, ciliate nail inside, passing into 3, 5 - 5.0 mm long, straight or saddle-shaped, thick, yellow or purple, twice as long as the calyx spur. The style is short, curved from the base; stiga entire, spherical or pear-shaped with a wide opening in front. Jke petiole of the fruit erect or directed to the side. The box is naked, ovoid, 7 - 10 mm long, 5 - 7 mm wide, pointed, yellow-brown. Seeds brown, ovoid, 1.8 - 2.0 mm long, 1.0 - 1.2 mm wide, the appendage short.
Economic significance. It deserves attention as an ornamental plant.
Note. It differs from V. grisebachiana Vis. on the leaves, which are wedge-shaped narrowed, not rounded or cut off at the base, on the sepals, which are blunt and not pointed at the tip, and on the spur, which is 2, not 3 - 4 times longer than the apendages of the calyx.
From: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979)
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Viola perinensis :: Red Data Book of Bulgaria - ecodb
e-ecodb.bas.bg › rdb › vol1 › Vioperin
Viola perinensis W. Becker. Violaceae – Violet family. Conservation status. Endangered [EN B1ab(ii,iv,v)+2ab(ii,iv,v)].
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Viola perinensis W.Becker — The Plant List
www.theplantlist.org › tpl1.1 › record › kew-2459366
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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII, fruitful: VII - IX.
References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, Изд. на Б А Н, София, (1979), Viola perinensis :: Red Data Book of Bulgaria - ecodb e-ecodb.bas.bg › rdb › vol1 › Vioperin, www.theplantlist.org › tpl1.1 › record › kew-2459366, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing on limestone rocks and stony places in the high mountain belt. Slavyanka, Pirin, from 1500 to 2800 m above sea level. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Northern Greece (Bozdag). Balkan endemic.
Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, t is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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