Acinos arvensis (Lam.) Dandy

2631 (3). A. arvensis (Lam.) Dandy, Jour. Ecol., XXXIII (1946) 326; Ball et Getliffe, Fl. Eur., Ill (1972) 166; Calamintha arvensis Lam., Fl. Fr., II (1778) 394; Calamintha acinos (L.) Clairv., Man. Herb. (1811) 197; Vel., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 463; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc., II (1929) 330; Стоян., Стеф., Китан., Фл. Бълг., изд. 4, II (1967)927; Satureja acinos {L.) Scheele, Flora, XXVI (1843) 577; Стоян., Стеф., Фл. Бълг., изд. 1, II (1925) 962; Thymus acinos L., Sp. PL, ed. 1 (1753). 591 — Полски ацинос 

Fam:   Labiatae Juss. (Lamiaceae)
Genus: Acinos Mill. 
Species: Acinos arvensis (Lam.) Dandy
English Name: Basil thyme and Spring savory


Annual to perennial plants. The root is thin, threadlike branched. Stems 10 - 40 cm high, single or multiple, is not branched or branched from the base, evenly to thick soft fibrous. The leaves of 1 - 3 mm long petioles, 8 - 15 mm long, 3 - 8 mm wide, lance, broadly lance to ovoid, spaced shallowly jagged, with 1 - 3 teeth on each side, evenly to thick fibrous, less often the lower surface is covered only by the veins, to the top gradually tapered, at the base wedge narrowed. Inflorescence is not branched or branched, with many blossoms. The blossoms 2 - 6 (-8) in vertebrae, shorter than the leaves; the vertebrae spaced, the internals 12 - 20 (-25) mm long; blossom petioles 1.5 - 3.0 mm, fibrous. Bracts about 1/2 of blossom petioles, narrowly lance, fibrous. The calyx 5 - 6 (-7) mm long, with protruding veins, fibrous or glandular filament, at the opening with a ring of long white bristles that protrude above the rim of the tube; upper calyx teeth 0.7 - 1.0 mm long, lower 1.5 - 2.0 mm, all striking, long fibrous. Corolla 7 - 10 (-12) mm long, purple or pale violet, outward short soft fiber; the upper lip is round, rounded, on the top shallowly incised, the lower 3-sided, the middle part with a white spot, slightly wider than the lateral, shallowly incised on the top. The stamens hidden in the crown or the two front exits slightly above the upper lip. The style slightly longer than the crown. The walnuts 1.4 - 1.5 mm long, oblong ovoid, naked, brown, are moistened with moistening.


Var. arvensis. Leaves fibrous only on the veins of the lower surface. Distributed, more often in mountainous areas.
Var. villosus (Pers.) Šilic, Glasnic Earth. Man. Bosn. Herceg., N. s., Nature. n. XIII (1974) 121; Calamintha acinos f. villosa (Pers.) Hayek., 1. c .; Стоян., Стеф., Китан., I.c.; Acinos villosus Pers., Syn. Pl., II (1806) 131; Leaves fibrous. Distributed.

From:  „Флора на Н Р България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989)

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Acinos arvensis, known commonly as basil thyme and spring savory, is a species of plant of the genus Acinos.
It is a perennial that usually grows about 8 inches (20 cm) high and spreads 12 inches (30 cm). It prefers to grow in strong sunlight. The scent is faintly reminiscent of thyme, giving it its common name.[1]
Acinos arvensis is recorded as a food plant for the larva of the moth Coleophora tricolor.[citation needed]
This plant is classified by Rose (The Wildflower Key, revised 2006) as Clinopodium acinos.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VII, fruitful: VII - VIII.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing on dry grassy and rocky places in the plains and mountains. Distributed from sea level up to 1000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe (excluding islands), South-West Asia (Asia Minor, Armenia, Kurdistan, Iran), Caucasus. Transported to North America.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: yes, it is - Medicinal Plants Act -

References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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