Adonis aestivalis L.
1121 (5). A. aestivalis L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1762) 771; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1924) 348 — Летен горицвет
Fam: Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus: Adonis L.
Species: Adonis aestivalis L.
English Name: Summer pheasant's-eye
Annual plant. The stem is upright 20 - 50 (65) cm high, cylindrical, not branched or slightly branched in the upper part, ribbed, evenly covered with leaves, at the bottom with rare curly hairs on top naked. Leaves 4 - 5 times irregularly divided, with narrowly linear up to 1 mm wide, at the tip of the tapered shares, at the base more or less fibrous, the rest part bare, at the bottom with the stems, the upper ones sitting. Blossoms 15 - 35 mm in diameter, upright, single, located at the top of the stem and its branches. Sepals 5, broadly ovate up to elliptical, almost entire or unevenly serrated, pale green, rarely black on the rim, bare, clinging to the crown. The petals 6 - 8, 10 - 12 mm long, up to two times longer than the calyx, horizontally spread out, narrowly backwards ovate, to the base wedge-shaped, intensely red to yellow with a black spot in the base. Stamens numerous, with bare, in bottom part, white, at the top colored, like the anthers, stamen stems. Anthers dark purple to black. The composite fruit 2 - 5.5 cm long, cylindrical, less conical cylindrical. Walnuts 20 - 40, 3.5 - 4.5 mm long, 2.5 – 3 mm wide, elongated pyramids, densely spaced, tightly attached to each other, naked, on the surface with a strongly convex net of veins, with upright a single-color green nose, on the inner edge with two teeth, of which the bottom with one edge joined to the blossom bed, on the back side against the hump with a short horn-like growth.
From „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
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Adonis aestivalis, the summer pheasant's-eye, is a medicinal and ornamental plant. It is native to Europe but has been introduced elsewhere, such as the western and eastern parts of the United States.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: (IV) V - VII.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow on the boundaries and the sows all over the country up to 1000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe, Southwest Asia, Caucasus, Northwest Africa.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is. - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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