Ajuga genevensis L.

2589 (5). A. genevensis L., Sp. P., ed. 1 (1753) 561; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc., II (1928) 239; Ball, Fl. Eur., III (1972) 128; A. genevensis subsp. drenovskyi in Shed., Exs.: PI. Bulg. Exsicc. No 862, No 579 — Женевско срещниче 

Fam:   Labiatae Juss. (Lamiaceae)
Genus: Ajuga L. 
Species: Ajuga genevensis L.
English Name: Upright bugle, Blue bugle, Geneva bugleweed, Blue bugleweed


Perennial plant. The roots are very short, with numerous branches. Stem 8 - 40 cm high, 0.2 - 0.5 cm in diameter, branched from the base or simply, clearly four ridges, at the base scattered simply fiber or the hairs in two opposite lines, scattered up to the layered fiber. Leaves 1.5 - 10 cm long, 0.8 - 5 cm wide, narrowly lance, lance, ellipsoid, rhombic, seated or wedge-shaped in a stem, wholly or only in the lower half entire, up sharp or dull jagged, pointed or rounded on top, on the surface and on the edges only single to densely covered with a layer of hairs, just fibrous, passing to 0.8 - 2.5 cm long, 0.8 - 1.2 cm wide, squeaking to the top of the inflorescence, lance or elliptic, entire, jagged or 3-sided, middle-share longer, upper equal or shorter than flower, scatter or up to thick simply fibrous, green green or blue bracts. The flowers are grouped conically in the upper half of the stem in multiblossom vertebrae, on a very short stem or seated. The 4 - 8 mm long calyx with 5 triangular, unequally tapered or slightly rounded tooth studs, simple and glandular fibrous. The corolla tubus entire, 8 - 18 mm long; upper lip reduced, lower 3-sided, the middle share heartbeat up to rounded, nude, or covered on both sides with a simple hairs with different density bright hairs, lateral tapered to slightly rounded, along the edge grooves, white, pink, blue with darker blue veins. The walnut 1.8 - 2.2 mm long, 0.8 - 1.8 mm wide, semicircular, with a mesh wrinkled surface.

From  „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989)

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Ajuga genevensis (also variously known as the upright bugle,[1] blue bugle,[2] Geneva bugleweed,[3] blue bugleweed[4]) is a herbaceous flowering plant native to Europe. It is less common than its relative, Ajuga reptans (common bugle).


Ajuga genevensis is a perennial plant (flowering between April and July) growing to a height of between 10 and 30 cm.[5] Evergreen, it has long-stalked, obovate, basal leaves which are shallowly lobed or toothed.[1]
It has an upright stem with flowers arranged in dense, terminal, spike-like inflorescences. The flowers are usually violet-blue, though can be pink or white,[1] and the uppermost flowers are often flushed with blue.[5] When pink, it is sometimes known as "pink beauty", and when white, it is sometimes known as "alba".[6] The flowers have short upper-lips with protruding stamens and pistil.[5] The plant sometimes suffers from Erysiphe biocellata, a type of mildew.[2]
Ajuga genevensis is a less common relative of Ajuga reptans, the Common bugle, though it is common for the two plants to interbreed, as well as with Ajuga pyramidalis, the pyramidal bugle, producing hybrid offspring that are very similar.[7]


There are also several variants of Ajuga genevensis such as A. genevensis var. arida (a variety with short grey hairs found in mountain meadows) and A. genevensis var. elatior (a mountain plant with randomly hairy stems). Both varieties vary slightly in the shape and size of the leaves and bracts.[5]


Ajuga genevensis are found on the edges of dry woods, as well as in thickets and grasslands.[5] It is found at various locations around Europe including Sweden, France, Italy, Britain and from Macedonia to Caucasia.[5] It can also be found growing wild in North America as a result of seeds that have escaped from gardens.[8] It is used as an ornamental plant in gardens worldwide,[1] where it used in edges due to its slower spread compared with A. reptans.[3]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - VII, Fruitfol: VI - VIII.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing on grassy and bushy places in the woods. Distributed from sea level to 2000 m above sea level. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Central Europe (southeast), Caucasus.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: No, it is not medical plant - Medicinal Plants Act -

References: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.


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