Allium melanantherum Panč.

A. melanantherum Panč. Elem. Fl. Bulg. (1883) 61; Vel. Fl. Bulg. (1891) 561; Hayek Prodr. FL Penins, Balc. Ill (1933) 47 — Чернотичинков лук

Fam:   Liliaceae Hall.
Genus:  Allium L.
Species: Allium melanantherum Panč.
English Name:


A perennial plant. Bulb ovoid, simple, with tunicates, almost black outer skins flakes, vaguely rumpled parallel fibers. Stem thin, cylindrical, straight or slightly curved, 20 to 40 centimeters high by mid foliage and slightly longer than the leaves; Leaves narrowly linear, 1 - 1.5 mm wide, finely serrated edges, top with groove, bottom protruding edges. Involucre is membranous and binary. The units at the base are widely ovoid bubble inflated, with 5 - 7 veins, and at the top suddenly thinned in short. gore. Inflorescence many blossoms, loose, with numerous ovoid bulbs between blossoms. Blossom handles almost equal to each other, of equal length with perianth or twice as long. Perianth tubular, 7 - 10 cm long, with elongated, linear, blunt, pale pink petals with dark red streak on the protruding dorsal edge. Stamens much shorter than perianth. Styliform filament’s handles. Anthers elliptic, leaden to black. Ovary oblong. Stalk of pistil remains hidden in perianth. Fruit box trammel the top concave. Seed dark gray.


var. melanantherum; var typicum Stoj. Stoyanov and Stefanov Flora of Bul. ed. 3 (1948) 242. Wrapping leaf cluster basically Bubble and then narrowed into thin for not surpass or slightly exceed the inflorescence. In the alpine zone (1600 - 2300 altitude) of Vitosha and Rila mountains. Forms transitions var. longispatum Stoj. Stoyanov and Stefanov Flora of Bul. Ed. 3. (1948) 243. Wrapping notes in a relatively weak base expanded considerably longer than the inflorescence. At Foothill and lower mountain belt (900 - 1500 m altitude). Central Stara Planina (Balkan), Samokovsko field, Verila, Pirin, Slavyanka, and Western Rhodope Mountains.
From: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том  II, БАН, София, (1964 )

Endemic to the Balkan Peninsula (Serbia, Bulgaria and northeast Greece) (Strid and Tan 1991). According to Govaerts et al. (2005–2007) and USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program (2010), it is also native to Macedonia. Govaerts et al. (2005–2007) specify that it occurs in east Macedonia and southeast Serbia. Strid and Tan (1991) record sightings on the mountains of Vroundous and Rodhopi (Elatia area).
From: EOL Encyclopedia of Live

Flowering Time: Blooms: VII-VIII.

References: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том  II, БАН, София, (1964 ), EOL Encyclopedia of Live

Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Bulgaria and Macedonia. Endemic to the Balkan Peninsula.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is not -

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