Allium scorodoprasum L.

A. scorodoprasum L. Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753)297; Vel. Fl. Bulg. (1891) 562; Hayek Prodr. FL Penins. Balc. 111 (1933) 44; A. scorodoprasum var. typicum Regel All. Adh. Cogn. Monogr. (1875) 42; A. violacewn Giiib. Exerc. Phyt. II (1792(470 —Лук рокамбол

Fam:   Liliaceae Hall.
Genus: Allium L. 
Species: Allium scorodoprasum L.
English Name: Sand leek


A perennial plant. Bulb ovoid or flattened globular, 1 - 2 cm in diameter. Outer shells of the bulb brown to almost leathery tunicates, shiny, subsequently rupturing. Bulb equipped with small, numerous, smooth,  dark violet bulbs. Stem right, thin, round, 40 - 100 cm tall, up to 1/3 or almost by mid foliage with smooth leaves. Leaves 3 - 5, linear or linear lanceolate, not tubular, flat, gradually narrowed to the top, the edges and midrib rough, very short, barely exceeding the middle of the stem and 4 - 10 mm wide. Involucre ovoid, membranous at the base enlarged and the top suddenly thinned in gore long, up to 2 times more than the base shell. Inflorescence loosely (very seldom without blossoms), with thick reddish or purple located ovoid bulbs. Blossom handles 10 - 20 mm in length, almost equal to each other and 2 - 3 times longer than perianth, always going above bulbs, and with bracts at the base. Perianth bell-shaped ovoid, with about 5 mm long perianth petals, purple, with dark streak, sharp, rough, external ovoid lance or lance, issued with dorsal edge, slightly narrower than the elongated ovoid internal perianth petals. Filament’s handles almost equal to the perianth or only slightly protruding, at the base ciliates and fused with each other and with perianth. Foreign staminal handles styliform, internal at the base a little wider than perianth petals and in the upper part lobed twice shorter average share of side stakes. The bar hidden in perianth and does not project beyond.
From: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том  II, БАН, София, (1964 )

The sand leek (Allium scorodoprasum), also known as rocambole, is a Eurasian species of wild onion with a native range extending across much of Europe and the Middle East.[2][3][4][5][6][7] The species should not be confused with rocambole garlic, which is A. sativum var. ophioscorodon.


The sand leek is a perennial plant with an egg-shaped bulb. The plant produces two to five unstalked leaves, the bases of which are sheath-like. Each leaf blade is linear, 7-20 mm wide,[8] flat with a slight keel, an entire margin and parallel veins. The edges of the leaf and the central vein are rough to the touch. The flowering stem is cylindrical, growing to a height of 30 to 90 cm (12 to 35 in) and the upper half is leafless. The whole plant has an onion-like aroma. The inflorescence is a globular cluster surrounded by membranous bracts in bud which wither when the flowers open. Each individual flower is stalked and has a purple perianth 4 to 7 mm (0.16 to 0.28 in) long. There are six tepals, six stamens and a pistil formed from three fused carpels. Mixed with the flowers are a number of purple bulbils. The fruit is a capsule, but the seeds seldom set, and propagation usually takes place when the bulbils are knocked off and grow into new plants.[9]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII.

References: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том  II, БАН, София, (1964 ), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grows among bushes, grassy areas, vineyards, fields and meadows in the plains, foothills and lower mountain belt in Bulgaria. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: - yes it is -


1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7. 8. 9.

Allium scorodoprasum 1. Allium scorodoprasum 2. Allium scorodoprasum 3. Allium scorodoprasum 4. Allium scorodoprasum 5.

Allium scorodoprasum 6. Allium scorodoprasum 7. Allium scorodoprasum 8. Allium scorodoprasum 9.


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