Allium sibiricum L.

A. sibiricum L. Mant. II (1771) 562; Vel. FL Bulg. (1891) 559; A Schoenoprasum L. b sibiricum Garcke FL N. u. Mitt. Deutschl. ed. 1 (1849) 322; A. Schoenoprasum subsp. sibiricum Hayek Prodr. FL Penins. Baic. Ill (1933) 45 — Сибирски лук

Fam:   Liliaceae Hall.
Genus:   Allium L.
Species: Allium sibiricum L.
English Name: Gigantic garlic


Perennials. Bulb one or more attached to short rhizome, cylindrical or conical lanky, 0.75 - 1 cm in diameter, brown, leathery outer skins, sometimes slightly frayed fiber. Stem fleshy, 10 - 60 cm tall, smooth or less rough in the lower third to the middle part and covered with smooth leaf sheaths. Leaves 1  -2, cylindrical or semi-cylindrical base, 2 - 6 mm wide, tubular, flat, often rough, normally shorter than the stem. Involucre equal to or shorter than inflorescence, short-pointed, often colored and entrenched. Inflorescence dense, spherical hood. Blossom handles uneven in length, Internal much longer and without bracts at the base. Perianth narrowly bell-shaped, shiny pale pink to pink violet petals with darker streak in the middle, 7 - 17 mm in length, linear lanceolate, lanceolate or oblong face, sharp or blunt, often with curved edges. Filament 2 - 3 times shorter than the. Perianth, in the bottom 1/4 to 1/3 fused with each other and with perianth, goals, face. The bar hidden in the perianth. Fruit box 2 - 3 times shorter than perianth.

Economic significance. It can be used for various purposes. Young tender leaves before flowering are used for food. They contain proteins, fats, salts and vitamin C. In some countries, cultivated as a vegetable plant. It is used in many countries as an ornamental plant. During flowering is visited by bees because of the radiating blossoms of nectar.
From:  „Флора на Народна Република България”, том  II, БАН, София, (1964 )

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII.

References: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том  II, БАН, София, (1964 )

Distribution in Bulgaria: It grows in damp places mainly in mountain meadows, near springs and streams in all parts of Western and Central Stara Planina (Balkam Mountain), Vitosha, Rila, Pirin and the Rhodope Mountains. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Throughout Europe including the Balkans, the Caucasus, Western part of the Mediterranean area, Asia Minor, Iran, Central Asia, India, the Himalayas, .Sibir, Mongolia, Far East, China, North America.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: yes it is -


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