Allium victorialis L. A. victorialis L. Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 295; Regel AIl Adh. Cogn. Monogr. (1875) 170; Vel. Fl. Bulg. (1891) 558; A. plantagineum Lam. Encycl. I (1783) 65; Hayek Prodr. FL Penins. Balc. Ill (1933) 49 - Побéден лук Fam: Liliaceae Hall.
Genus: Allium L.
Species: Allium victorialis L.
English Name: Victory onion, Alpine leek
A perennial plant. Bulbs cylindrical-conical, 1 - 1.5 cm in diameter, one or more attached to short, almost horizontal rhizome, jacketed with light brown or gray brown, fibrous mesh sheaths. Stem 30 - 70 cm tall, the bottom 1/3 or until the middle leaved smooth, often tinged with violet leaf sheaths. Leaf texture smooth, naked, elongated, lanceolate or broadly elliptical, 10 - 20 cm long and 2 - 8 cm wide, gradually narrowed to handle 2 - 4 times shorter than the lamina. Involucre shorter than inflorescence, entrenched. Globular cluster is a spherical or semi, with many blossoms, many densely, before flowering hanging down and enclosed within the shell. Blossom handles equal or 2 - 3 times longer than perianth, without bracts at the base. Perianth star-shaped. Perianth leaflets whitish green, with barely visible veins, 4 - 5 mm in length, elliptical, blunt, outer slightly narrower and shorter. Filament nearly 1.5 times as long, fused at the base of perianth, whole from the base gradually narrowed, close triangular. Handles internal 1.5 times wider than the handles Interior. Pistils with filamentary jutting out perianth, baluster. Fruit box is globular three elongated, ovoid with wide back shares. Seeds globular, black.
From: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964 )
Allium victorialis, commonly known as victory onion, Alpine leek, is a broad-leaved Eurasian species of wild onion. It is a perennial of the Amaryllis family that occurs widely in mountainous regions of Europe and parts of Asia (Caucasus and Himalayas).
Some authors consider certain East Asian and Alaskan populations as constituting subspecies platyphyllum within the species Allium victorialis. Recent sources recognize this group as a distinct species, called Allium ochotense.
Allium victorialis attains a height of 30–45 cm (11.8–17.7 in) and forms a sheathed bulb ("root-stalk") about the thickness of a finger and 5–8 cm (2.0–3.1 in) long. Leaves are broad elliptical or lanceolate. Flowers (perianths) are whitish green.
Allium victorialis is found widely across across mountain ranges Europe, as well as the Caucasus and and the Himalayas.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VII.
References: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964 ), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: From rocky alpine meadows in Stara Planina, Vitosha, Rila and Pirin. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: The mountains of the Iberian Peninsula, central France, the Alps, the Carpathians, the Western part of Mediterranean area, Balkan Peninsula, among the areas of European territory of the USSR, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Siberia, Far East, India, the Himalayas, China, Japan, North America.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: it is not - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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