Amygdalus nana L.
1626 (1). A. nana L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 ( 1753) 473; Prunus nana Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. IП (1812) 103; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 759; P. nana Focke in Engl, et Prantl, Natürl. Pflanzenfam. III. 3 (1885) 54: Schneider, Ш. Handb. Laubholzk. I (1906) 599; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг., изд. 1, I (1924) 607; P. tenella Batsch, Beitr. Entw. Fragm.Gesch. Nat. Reiche (1801) 29; D. A.Webb, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 78 — Нисък бадем, бадемче
Fam: Rosaceae Juss.
Genus: Amygdalus L.
Species: Amygdalus nana L.
English Name: Almond dwarf
Perennial low plant with deep root system. Stems 1 - 1.5 m tall, with outspread obliquely upright, bare branches, and rounded twigs. Young shoots with whitish, reddish chestnut bark; perennial branches with reddish gray or gray crust. Naked buds, with 4 - 6 chestnut jagged scales. The leaves are linearly lance to oblong elliptic, 2.5 - 6 cm long and 0.5 - 2 cm wide (sometimes smaller), shallowly serrated or entire, bare, light green. The stipule linear or linearly lance, 5 - 10 mm long, 1 - 2 mm wide, entire or slightly jagged. Blossoms single or in groups of 2 - 3 on short stems or almost sitting down. The hypanthium trumpet, almost twice as long as wide. Sepals ovoid or lance, 3 - 4 mm long, almost 1/2 of the hypanthium, glanded. Petals are bright pink or red, rare white, back ovate or oblong elliptical, 10 - 15 mm long and 4 - 8 mm wide, basically wedge-shaped, dull, sometimes deeply incised. The Stamens a lot. The carpellum of a carpel, with an upper monogamous, fibrous denting ovary. Fruits ovoid, ellipsoid to spherical with flecked hair, greenish yellow exocarp, fleshy but fairly stiff mesocarp and broadly rounded ovoid or oblong ovoid, flattened, irregularly striated stones with thick abdominal stitching and less pronounced dorsal rim, on the tip short-pointed or dull, up to 2 - 2.5 cm long and 1.7 cm wide. Seeds with a thick, leathery, brown wrap.
Business significance. Decorative bush. The flowers are honey. The names are used in medicine to produce bitter almond water, almond oil and almond milk; contain the glycoside amigdaline which, upon decomposition, releases benzaldehyde and hydrocyanic acid.
var. nana. Leaves lance. The blossoms pink. The teeth of the calyx shorter than the trumpet hippie. Widespread within the species.
var. campestris (Besser) Buia, Fl. Rep. Pop. Romane IV (1956) 868; A. campestris Besser, Enum. Pl. Volhyn (1822) 45; Prunus nana var. campestris (Besser) Stoj. Stef. 1. c. The leaves are broadly elliptical or broadly egg-shaped. The blossoms are white. Northeastern Bulgaria (Ruse, Razgrad), Danube Plain (Beloslav), Prebalkana (Veliko Tarnovo).
From „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том V, БАН, София, (1973)
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Prunus tenella Batsch, dwarf Russian almond, is a species of deciduous shrubs in the genus Prunus, native to steppes of Eastern Europe and Western Siberia, as well as dry open sites of Caucasus, Western and Central Asia. In the wild, it tends to grow in clusters of one to three. P. tenella yields small almond-like hairy fruits with characteristic flavor. It grows to 1.5 m (5 ft) and is a popular ornamental plant in cold temperate regions, valued for its profuse spring blossom and exceptional winter hardiness. 'Fire Hill' is a popular cultivar with red flowers.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Amygdalus nana L. is an accepted name
This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Amygdalus (family Rosaceae).
The record derives from Tropicos which reports it as an accepted name (record 27804128) with original publication details: Sp. Pl. 1: 473 473 1753.
Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:324717-2.
See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions.
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References: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том V, БАН, София, (1973), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/tro-27804128
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow on dry grassy and rocky places, out of bushes and outskirts of forests in the oak belt, mostly on calcareous terrains, plains and mountains. Black Sea coast, Northeastern Bulgaria, Danube Plain. (Balkan, Zemen, Konyavska mountain), Western Sredna Gora (Lozenska), the Balkan Mountains, the Tundja hill plain (Bakadzhitsite), up to 1100 m ltitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Southeast Europe, Western Siberia, Caucasus, Central Asia. Cultivated as a decorative plant in many places in Europe.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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