Anchusa azurea Mill.

A. azurea Mill., Gard. Diet. ed. 8 (1768) ;no 9; Chater, Fl. Eur. Ill (1972) 108; A. italica Retz., Obs. Bot. I (1779) 12; Vel., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 392; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, II (1925) 904; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. II (1938) 11 —Лазурно винче

Fam:   Boraginaceae Juss.
Genus:   Anchusa L.
Species: Anchusa azurea Mill.
English Name: Garden anchusa or Italian bugloss


Perennial grayish-green, dense fibrous plant hairs spread, said scattered bristly, often at the base  verrucose extended. Most often stems are simple, 20 - 150 cm high, erect, most often at the base with leaf rosette. Rozette leaves (5) 10 - 30 cm long and (5) 10 - 30 (50) mm wide, lanceolate or lance elliptical, at the base narrowed in stemss; stem leaves smaller, sessile, often cover the stem. Inflorescences dense with many flowers. Flower stems 1 - 3 mm at the flower and 10 (-15) mm in the fetus. Bracts linear or linear lanceolate, shorter than the calyx. Calyx 6 - 8 (- 10) mm, in the fetus to 12 - 15 (16) mm long, divided to the base; shares linear, linear lantce or linear elliptical, covered with protruding, dense white hairs. Corolla purple or dark blue; tube 6 - 10 mm and slightly exceed the calyx or shorter than it, the extended portion (8) 10 -15 mm in diameter, round units. The bar shorter than the calyx, apparently after loss of corolla. Stamens attached on top of the tube, overlapping scales gum. The nuts (6) 7 - 10 mm in length and 2 - 3 mm wide, extended ovoid, erect, a grid incorrect  wrinkled, wrinkles between finely roughened.

From „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964)

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Anchusa azurea is a species of flowering plant in the family Boraginaceae, known by the common names garden anchusa[1] and Italian bugloss (or just "bugloss"). It is a bristly perennial which reaches just over half a meter in height. It has straight lance-shaped leaves and petite tubular flowers of bright violet-blue. This species is native to Europe and western Asia and eastern Maghreb[2] but is well-known elsewhere as a noxious weed. In Crete it is called agoglossos (Greek: αγόγλωσσος) and the locals eat the tender stems boiled, steamed or fried.
Numerous cultivars have been selected for garden use, of which 'Loddon Royalist' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]
Anchusa azurea is a PERENNIAL growing to 1.5 m (5ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in).
It is hardy to zone 3. It is in flower from Jun to August, and the seeds ripen from Jul to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. It is noted for attracting wildlife.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VI, fruitfull: VI - VIII.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in dry grassy places in the plains and foothills, often as stormy. Black sea coast, northeastern Bulgaria, the Danube plain, Fore, West Stara Planina, Vitosha Region (Krapec), Sofia region, Znepole area Struma valley, Belasitsa, Middle and Eastern Rhodopes, Thracian valley, Tundzha hilly plane until about 800 meters altitude.

Point for the Eastern Balkan Mountains - Sliven (Vel., 1891) Aitoska Stara Planina. (Dove., 1903), Drianovo, Belogradchik, Western Rhodopes - Batak, Rakitovo, Peshtera (Urum., 1898, 1902, 1909). (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: South and southern Central Europe, Mediterranean.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: yes, it is. Medicinal Plants Act -

1. 2. 3. 4.


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