Anemone narcissiflora L.
1057 (4). A. narcissiflora L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 542 ; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1 (1924) 318; Tutin, Fl. Eur. I (1964) 218 — Нарцисоцветна съсънка
Fam: Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus: Anemone L.
Species: Anemone narcissiflora L.
English Name: Narcissus anemone or Narcissus-flowered anemone
Perennial plant. The rhizome is short, thick, cylindrical, vertical, brown, densely covered with filamentous leaf remains. Flowering stems (10) 20 - 40 (70) cm tall, upright, spruce fibrous. The basal leaves with numerous 10 - 30 (40) cm long, outspread, thick, fibrous stems; leaf blades round, deeply palpated divided, the shares once or twice triple; the sharess lance elliptical, entire, on the tip blunted, on the edge and mainly on the veins expanded fibrous, stem leaves 3, sitting down, collected at the base of the inflorescence, more or less little mature at the base, deeply palatable cut; the shares whole or consisting of 2 – 3 parts, the shares triangular lancet, entire; grassy, green, more or less expanded fibrous. Flowers 3 - 8, rarely 1 - 2, collected in top simple cinquefoil inflorescence, 2 - 3 (4) cm in diameter, white, less rarely outside pinkish, on (1) 3 - 4 (12) cm long, expanded fibrous stems. The surrounding leaves 5 - 6, 15 - 20 mm long and 10 - 15 mm wide, viscous, back ovate, entire, rounded at the top, gradually narrowed to the claw, top bare, bottom (especially in the middle) fibrous. The stamens are numerous, significantly shorter than the perianth, the yellow anthers. Carpellums are numerous, naked; the style short, hooked like a hook. The harvested fruits upright. Nuts 6 - 8 mm long and 5 - 6 mm wide, back ovate, strongly laterally flattened, winged on the edge, naked.
Business significance. Decorative.
var. narcissiflora. High 20 - 40 (70) cm. Blossoms 3 - 8. The shares of leaves are doubled. Central and Western Stara Planina, Vitosha region (Vitosha), Western border (Osogovska), Pirin, Rila, Western Rhodopes (Sutka).
var. monantha DC., Reg. Veg. Syst. Nat. I (1818) 213; A. dubia Bell., App. Fl. Pedem. Act. Taurus. V (1792) 232, VII; A. narcissiflora var. oligantha Huter, ex Kerner, Sched. F. F. A. H. III (1884) 83; Stoyan. Stef., Фл. Бълг. ed. 1, 1 (1924) 447. High 10 - 15 (20) cm. The blossoms are single or two, the parts of the leaves are once three-fold. Pirin. Rila. It refers to Stara Planina, Sredna Gora, Rodopi, Western Bulgaria (Stoyan, Stephan, 1948);
From „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
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Anemone narcissiflora, the narcissus anemone or narcissus-flowered anemone, is a herbaceous perennial in the genus Anemone and the buttercup family.
Plants grow 7 to 60 cm (2 3⁄4 to 23 1⁄2 inches) tall, from a caudex (woody-like perennial base), flowering spring to mid summer but often found flowering till late summer. They have 3-10 basal leaves that are ternate (arranged with three leaflets), rounded to rounded triangular in shape with 4-to-20-millimetre (5⁄32-to-25⁄32-inch) long petioles.
The flowers are produced in clusters (umbels) with 2 to 8 flowers, but often appear singly. The inflorescence have 3 leaf-like bracts similar in appearance to the basal leaves but simple and greatly reduced in size, pinnatifid in shape. Flowers have no petals, but instead have 5-9 petal-like sepals that are white, blue-tinted white or yellow in color. The flowers usually have 40 to 80 stamens but can have up to 100.
After flowering, fruits are produced in rounded heads with 5–14-centimetre (2–5 1⁄2-inch) long pedicels. When the fruits, called achenes, are ripe they are ellipsoid to ovate in outline, flat in shape and 5 to 9 millimetres (3⁄16 to 11⁄32 in) long and 4–6 millimetres (5⁄32–1⁄4 in) wide. The achenes are winged with no hairs and have 0.8–1.5-millimetre (0.031–0.059-inch) long beaks that are curved or recurved.
Anemone narcissiflora is native to north western North America and Eurasia where it can be found growing in high mountain alpine grasslands, in thickets, grassy meadows with moist soils, tundra, open woods, along roadsides and in pastures. Varieties
This species is very variable and at least 12 varieties are generally recognized with even more proposed by other authorities. The name of the species has been in dispute and some have listed it as Anemone narcissifolia but Anemone narcissiflora was proposed for conservation.
Three varieties are native to North America:
- Anemone narcissiflora L. var. villosissima DC. - Alaska
- Anemone narcissiflora L. var. monantha DC. - Alaska and Eastern Yukon and Northern Northwest Territories in Canada
- Anemone narcissiflora L. var. zephyra (A. Nels.) Dutton & Keener – Colorado and Wyoming
The others are from Eurasia.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII, fruitfull: VIII - IX.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in grassy high mountain and rocky places, above the forest boundary, in the communities of Pinus montana Will, and alpine meadows. Central and Western Stara Planina, Vitosha region (Vitosha), Western border mountains (Osogovo), Pirin, Rila, Western Rhodopes, from 1800 to 2750 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe (excluding the islands and its most eastern parts), Asia, North America.
Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not. - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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