Angelica pancicii Vand.

2260 (2). A. pancicii Vand., in Vel., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 200; A. sylvestris subsp. pancicii (Vand.) Stoj. et Stef., Фл. Бълг. изд. 3 (1948) 852; A. brachyradia Freyn subsp. pancicii (Vand.) Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1927) 1027 — Балканска пищялка

Fam:  Umbelliferae Juss. (Apiaceae)
Genus:   Angelica L.
Species: Angelica pancicii Vand.
English Name: x   x   x


Biennial to a perennial plant. The roots are 1.5 - 3.5 cm thick, spindly, vertically or inclined, transversely grooved in the upper part, dark brown to black, roots spindly to filamentous. Stem 80 - 200 cm high, 1.5 - 3.5 cm in diameter, in the base and the middle unclear, upward with gradual stand out rounded ribs and shallow furrows, hollow, branched in the upper half, not swollen in the nodes, Covered in the upper third with cartilage hairs gradually collapsing to the complex sunshade, yellowish-green in the base, without spots, upward matt greenish with violet tinge to matt violet. Leaves with a 4 - 12 cm long stem, ovate, just to double feathery, with large swollen vagina, on the veins of different densely cartilage spines or naked; The main parts 3 - 7, rounded, the end 4 - 9 cm long, 1,8 – 2,5 cm wide, ovate, irregularly jagged, the toothed small awn, the top ovoid, asymmetric two- triple, running down of the vein. The complex sunshade thyroid; the main rays 40 - 80, unequal, 1,5 – 3,5 cm long, with fruiting elongated triple, ridges, covered with thick cartilage spines, with envelope of 1 - 4, 1,.8 – 4,.5 mm long, 0,8 – 1,.0 mm wide, narrowly lance, dropping, rarely retaining, tunicate, straight edges, cartilaginous spines of leaflets. Sunshades with 20 - 60 blossoms; leaflets of the calyx membranous, 8 - 12, 1,5 – 3,5 mm long and 0,5 – 0,8 mm wide, lance, on top strongly pointed, bare or with rare spikes on the edge and surface. The blossom stems 1,5 – 3,5 mm, with fruiting triple extension, covered with cartilage spikes. Blossoms 15 - 18 mm in diameter; Petals 1,0 - 1,5 mm long, 0,6 - 0,8 mm wide, beak similar bent inward, pale pink with 1 vein in the middle. Fruits broadly elliptical, heavily flattened, bare, mericarpium 3,5 – 7,0 mm long, 2,5 – 4,0 mm wide, with 3 parallel rough ribs and 4 shallow furrows on the outside; the side ribs of the winged wing, wings with shallow ears at both ends, on the inside with 2 flat, 2 lightly developed arched ribs and 3 furrows; Channels 3 - 4; The stylopodium of irregular shape.

From „Флора на НР България”, том VIII, БАН, София, (1982)

Flowering Time: Blooms: VII, VIII.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том VIII, БАН, София, (1982), “The Plant List” -

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grows around the mountain streams and rivers. Distributed from 750 to 2000 meters altitude.(Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. Balkan Endemic.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: yes, it is. Medicinal Plants Act -




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Angelica pancicii Vandas ex Velen. is a synonym of Angelica sylvestris L.

This name is a synonym of Angelica sylvestris L..
The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as a synonym with original publication details: Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1888: 448 1888.
Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI:
From “The Plant List” -

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