Aubrieta  gracilis Sprun. ex Boiss.

1278 (3). A. gracilis Sprun. ex Boiss., Diagn. PL Or. Nov. Ser. 1, I (1843) 74; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1(1925) 409 — Грациозна аубриета

Fam:   Cruciferae Juss.
Genus:   Aubrieta Adans.
Species: Aubrieta  gracilis Sprun. ex Boiss.
English Name: ?


A perennial plant. Tussock-similar, with creeping shoots, giving the floral stems and short sterile rosettes. Stems erect, rose slightly to recumbent, zigzag curved, 3 - 8 (10) cm tall, densely leafy, not branched, or in the bosom of the leaves with short sterile shoots, rough, gray-white, covered with short stellated, close hairs, rarely in bottom with simple hairs or almost naked. Leaves consistent, 0.5 - 1.5 cm long and 2 - 8 mm wide, simple, linear lanceolate to oblong ovoid back, on top sharp or blunt, wedge narrowed to the base, with short petioles or nearly sessile, entire or with 1 - 3 denticles on both sides, covered with short, close, star-shaped hairs. Clusters racemose, loose, with 3 - 5 flowers, without bracts flower stems 2 - 6 mm long, with slightly elongated fruit, straight, obliquely spreading, with with star-shaped hairs. Sepals 5 - 7.5 mm in length and 1.2 - 2.5 mm wide, upright, external twice as wide as internal and at the base considerably expanded, with clear downward bulging bag; all covered with stellated hairs, narrow membranous white stripe on the edge. Petals 12 - 18 mm long and 3 - 5 mm wide, with 9 - 12 mm long claw, elliptic to ovoid back, violet. Stamens with wide ribbon-handles; long stamens 8 - 12 mm long, the top suddenly unilaterally narrowed and tapered, with about 1 mm long anthers; the short 6 - 9 mm long, sometimes on the top with a short tooth and a larger, to 1.5 mm long anthers. Pistil in fully developed flowers 4 - 8 mm long, densely straticulate with stellated hairs, suddenly narrowed in almost equal or 1.5 times longer only basis rare star-shaped hairs banister. Pods 20 - 35 mm long and 2 - 4 mm wide, 6 - 15 times longer than wide and over 3 times longer than persisting 4 - 7 mm in length banisters, strongly flattened, densely covered with short, stellated, even lies close cloth. 2 seed number in each well, 1.5 mm long and about 1 mm wide, brown, egg-shaped, rolled, fine grain rough.


f. gracilis. Leaves entire.
f. pirinensis (Stoj. et Acht.) Stoj. Stef. et Kitan., Fluoro. Bul. Ed. 4.1 (1966) 475; A. gracilis var. pirinensis Stoj. et Acht., Izvestiya. Natural. Inst. XII (1939) 184 leaves each side with 1-2 tabs.

¹ Developed by Iv. Assenov
„Флора на НР България”, т. IV, БАН, София, (1970)

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Aubrieta gracilis

Aubrieta gracilis Boiss. subsp. scardica(Wettst.) Phitos
Brassicaceae – Cabbage family
Conservation status. Vulnerable [VU B1ab(iii)+2ab(ii)]. BDA. Balkan endemic.
Morphology and biology. Caespitose perennial with stolons. Leaves lanceolate to obovate, entire or with 1–3 pairs of teeth, with stellate hairs on both faces. Inflorescences terminal, racemose, few-flowered. Petals violet, entire, long-clawed. Siliqua 20–35 mm long. Seeds brown. Fl. VII–VIII, fr. VIII–IX. Insect pollination. Reproduction by seeds and vegetative means.
Habitats and populations. Grows in calcareous stony and rocky places with shallow and eroded soil, from the coniferous forests belt up to the high mountainous belt. Populations are spatially isolated from each other, strongly fragmented, most often small.
Distribution in Bulgaria. Pirin Mts (northern), Rila Mts (Dvouglav peak, Chatal-Tepe); from 1900 to 2500 m alt.
General distribution. Balkan Peninsula (Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, R Macedonia).
Threats. The intensive tourism and trampling cause habitat deterioration and population decline. Erosion processes and natural disasters contribute to a decrease in the species’ area of occupancy.
Conservation measures taken. Protected species according to the national Biodiversity Act. The localities are situated in Rila and Pirin National Parks, Rilomanastirska Gora Strict Nature Reserve and in sites of the European ecological network Natura 2000 in Bulgaria.
Conservation measures needed. Deposition of seeds to the National Seed Genebank in Bulgaria. Elaboration of technologies for ex situ propagation and cultivation.
References. Assenov 1970; Bozhilova & Tonkov 1984; Akeroyd & Ball 1993; Ančev 2001, 2007; Ančev & Goranova 2009; Petrova & Vladimirov 2010.
Authors: Valentina Goranova & Mincho Anchev

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Flowering Time: Blooms: VII - VIII.

References: „Флора на НР България”, т. IV, БАН, София, (1970)

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in the limestone rocks in the alpine belt of Pirin (Vihren share), from 1800 to 2400 meters altitude (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Albania, Greece, Yugoslavia. Balkan endemic.

Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is not -






Scanned 6 x 6 cm color slides

Pirin mountain, below "Vihren" peak


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