Bunias erucago L.
1204 (1). В. erucago L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 670: Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1 (1925) 413 — Крилатоплодна свърбига
Fam: Cruciferae Juss. (Brassicaceae)
Genus: Bunias L.
Species: Bunias erucago L.
English Name: Corn Rocket, Crested wartycabbage
Annual to biennial plants. Stems erect, 30 - 60 (100) cm tall, strongly branched from the base, the bottom fibrous, with branched and unbranched hairs, the purpose of squatting rough and rude bradavichesti black glands. Basal leaves with long petioles, collected in the rosette, 5 - 10 cm long, oblong Lancet, lyre-like to feather-like jagged or divided, only jagged, sawtooth, abundantly covered with glands and unbranched and branched hairs; Lower stem leaves similar to basal; medium and above lanceolate to linear lanceolate, toothed or entire. Blossom stems 14 - 20 mm long, erect to spread, glandular. Sepals 3 - 4 mm long, oblong to lanceolate, yellowish green, with white membranous streak on the edge, moderately fibrous single glands, moderately fibrous single glands external basically only slightly bulky extended. Petals 8 - 13 mm long, 2 - 3 times longer than the calyx; yellow, heart-shaped back, the top cut off, whole or shallow cut to the base gradually narrowed wedge in a long fingernail. The long stamens 6 - 7 mm in length. Handles pods 15 - 25 mm long, erect to spread horizontally or curved down, glandular. Pods 10 - 12 mm long, elliptical four ridged, unhatched be, with the longitudinal 4, irregularly serrated, wide wings in growths on the edges, four slots, with 1 seed in each well, scattered glandular. The bar 5 mm long, at the base expanded and extended upward as small nose. Stigma closer from the bar, flat. Seeds 2 - 3 mm long, triangular ovate, almost flattened, brown.
Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VII,
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1070)
Distribution in Bulgaria: In dry grasslands degraded areas, near railway lines, embankments, roadsides. Rarely. Sofia region („Надежда”), Thracian Lowland (Pazardzhik, Stara Zagora, Plovdiv). (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Southern Europe, Mediterranean, Southwest Asia, North Africa. Introdued in other regions of Europe too.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: it is not - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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