Calendula arvensis (Vaill.) L.
3217. C. arvensis (Vaill.) L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1303; R.D. Meikle, Fl. Eur. 4 (1976) 207; C. arvensis Vaill., Königl. Akad. Wiss. Paris Phys. Abh. 5 (1754) 558 - Полски невен
Fam: Asteraceae (Compositae)
Genus: Calendula L.
Species: Calendula arvensis (Vaill.) L.
English Name: Field marigold
An annual plant. Stem 5 - 30 cm high, branched, felted soft fibrous. Leaves oblong or narrowly closely back ovoid, pointed or obtuse, with almost entire or unclear serrated edges. Baskets 1 - 3.5 cm in diameter; tongues yellow or orange, usually shorter than 1.8 cm, not more than twice as long as the leaflets; the tubular blossoms do not differ by color from the of the tongue blossoms, sometimes brown or violet-purple. Fruits heterocarpous, peripheral curved, 1.3 - 2 cm long, with a narrow with a narrow nose; inner 0.6 - 1 cm, boat-like or annular.
Note. This relatively recently found species in our country, whose origin is associated with the Mediterranean region, probably in recent years has expanded its range to the north.
From: „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013)
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Calendula arvensis is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family known by the common name field marigold. It is native to central and southern Europe, and it is known across the globe as an introduced species.
Calendula arvensis is an annual or biennial herb 10 – 50 cm tall. The leaves are lance-shaped and borne on petioles from the slender, hairy stem. The inflorescence is a single flower head up to four centimeters wide with bright yellow to yellow-orange ray florets around a center of yellow disc florets. The fruit is an achene which can take any of three shapes, including ring-shaped, that facilitate different methods of dispersal.
It goes by its local name as gul-e-sharfi and gul-e-asharfi in Iran and Pakistan.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII.
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing along roads and deserted places. Black Sea coast (South). (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central (southern regions) and Southern Europe, naturalized in the north or wild in places. Probably originated in the Mediterranean.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not medical plant - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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