Campanula abietina Griseb.
3034 (25). C. abietina Griseb., Wiegm. Arch. 15 (1852) 523; Стоян., Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, 2 (1925) 1087; C.patula subsp. abietina (Griseb.) Simonk., Enum. Fl. Transs. (1887) 383; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 2 (1930) 546; Fedorov, Fl. Eur 4 (1976) 80; C. stefanoffii Herman, Изв. Бълг. бот. друж. 3 (1929) 43; С. steveni auct. Velen., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 369, поп M. Bieb. - Елова камбанка
Fam: Campanulaceae Adans
Genus: Campanula L.
Species: Campanula abietina Griseb.
English Name: x x x
Biennial to a perennial plant. The rhizome is thin, creeping, most often with short, over-ground sterile shoots. Stems erect or ascending, 25 - 50 cm tall, single or few (not tufted), simple or branched in the upper half, bare, rarely scattered short fibrous, sometimes in the lower half pale violet dyed. The basal leaves back lance, ovate, oblong spatula or rounded, gradually narrowed in a stem, most often naked (usually during flowering are preserved); stem’s lance to narrowly lance, 15 - 25 (30) mm long, 1.5 - 3 (4) mm wide, shallowly rounded, toothed to almost entire, upper linearly lance, shorter. Inflorescence pearly, crooked, with (2) 3 - 6, rarely more blossoms. The calyx shares are more or less distant from the crown, entire, narrowly lance, tapered, 8 - 12 mm long, up to two times longer than the ovary, with the fruit extended. The corolla is funnel, (18) 20 - 25 (30) mm long, violet, blue or white, often inside with long silken hairs. The anthers on short, long silk fibrous stems. The box is upright, elongated, backward, ovate or conical, 8 - 10 mm long, with 10 protruding veins. The seeds are elliptical, 0.6 - 0.8 mm long, pale brown to dark brown, with a smooth glossy surface.
Tu p u s. Campanula stefanoffii Herman. Bulgarien, auf steinigen Matten Hochgebirgsgurtel des Berges Witoscha (Herman, 1929).
From „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Акад. Изд. „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013)
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Campanula abietina Griseb. & Schenk is a synonym of Campanula patula subsp. abietina (Griseb. & Schenk) Simonk.
This name is a synonym of Campanula patula subsp. abietina (Griseb. & Schenk) Simonk..
The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as a synonym (record 363843) with original publication details: Arch. Naturgesch. 18(1): 333 1852.
Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI: http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:139837-1.
This name was in version 1 of The Plant List, record kew-363843, and has not been changed.
From “The Plant List” - www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-363843
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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII, Fruitful: VII - X.
References: „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Акад. Изд. „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013), “The Plant List” - www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-363843
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in mountain pastures and meadows, often on well developed mountain meadows, on silicate rock, from beech to coniferous belt, in communities of Fagus sylvatica, Picea abies, Pinus sylvestris, Juniperus communis subsp. alpina, Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, Chamaecytisus spp., Vaccinium myrtillus and others. Stara Planina, Vitosha region (Vitosha), Western border mountains (Osogovo square), Pirin, Rila, from 1500 to 1700 m altitude. It is mentioned for the Western Rhodopes (Stoyan., Steph., 1948)., (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Southeast Europe (Eastern and Southern Carpathians, Transylvania, Balkan Peninsula).
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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