Campanula lingulata Waldst. & Kit.

3011 (2). C. lingulata Waldst. & Kit.,  Pl. Rar. Hung. 1 (1801) 65; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 2 (1930) 526; Fedorov, Fl. Eur. 4 (1976) 83; C. lingulata var. cichoriacea (Sibth. & Sm.) Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. 2 (1845) 288; Стоян., Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, 2 (1925) 1086; С. cichoriacea Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graec. Prodr. 1(1806) 140 - Бодлива камбанка 

Fam:   Campanulaceae Adans
Genus:   Campanula L.
Species: Campanula lingulata Waldst. & Kit.
English Name: The species has no common names


Biennial plant. Root spindle, more or less bold, slightly branched. Stems several, 20 - 30 cm high, ascending, simple, rarely branched, ribbed, scattered to thick bristly; bristles 0.5 - 1.7 mm long. Basal leaves 25 - 80 mm long, 5 - 15 mm wide, wide to elongate shovel-like gradually narrowed in the wing stem, the edges shallow wavy, serrated on top rounded, bristly fiber; Stem leaves sessile, elongated shovel-like to lance, (15) 25 - 80 (100) mm long, (4) 5 - 15 (20) mm wide, evenly to densely bristly fiber, along the edges of shallow wavy jagged. Inflorescence headed, at the top, at the base with a envelope of prickling. The flowers are sitting down, rarely the flower stem is branched, and the inflorescences on the tops of the branches. The prickling are deltoid, bristle-like, on the edges shallowly unevenly serrated. The calyx between the shares with backward appendages; calyx shares oblong, 6 - 7 mm long, 2 - 2.5 mm wide, grooves; appendages ovoid, 5 - 6 mm long, 3 - 5 mm wide, grooves, slightly longer than the ovary, by the the fruit grows. Corrolla funnel, 18 - 30 (35) mm long, violet or pale violet. Stamens 8 - 12 mm long, with wide, long grooved stems. The box is about 5 millimeters long, broadly conical with three-pointy side walls, located near the base. Seeds of irregular shape, 0.7 - 1.1 mm long, brown, on the surface with small warts.

From:  „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Акад. Изд. „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013)

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Campanula lingulata Waldst. & Kit. is an accepted name

This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Campanula (family Campanulaceae).
The record derives from WCSP which reports it as an accepted name (record 365076) with original publication details: Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 1: 65 1801.

From “The Plant List”

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Campanula lingulata Waldst. & Kit., Descr. Icon. Pl. Hung. 1: 65 (1801).

Homotypic Synonyms:

Heterotypic Synonyms:

From  “World Checklist of Selected Plant Families”  Kew -

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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII, fruitful: VII - IX.

References: „Флора на Република България”, том XI, БАН, Акад. Изд. „Проф. Марин Дринов”, София, (2013), “The Plant List”, “World Checklist of Selected Plant Families”  Kew -

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow on dry stony and rocky places, on shallow and eroded soils mostly with a silicate rock bed, in the hilly plains, in the foothills especially in the oak belt, in communities of Quercus cerris, Q. frainetto, Q. pubescens, Carpinus orientalis, Fraxinus ornus and others. Propagated from sea level to 1500 (1700) m altitude., (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Southern Europe (Balkan Peninsula, Southern Italy, Romania).

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: it is not - Medicinal Plants Act -



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