Cardamine impatiens L.

1257 (14). C. impatiens L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 655; Hayek, Prodr. FL Penins. Balc. I (1925) 397 — Нежна горва

Fam:   Cruciferae Juss. (Brassicaceae)
Genus:   Cardamine L.
Species: Cardamine impatiens L.
English Name: Narrowleaf bittercress, Narrow-leaved bitter-cress


Annual to biennial plant. Stem (10) 25 - 60 (85) cm high, not branched, or most often, only at the upper part branched, the larger exemplars ribbed branched almost from the base, hollow, naked, at the base without a leaf rosette. Leaves glabrous, fringed on the edge, complicated feather-like cut, at the base with narrow, long, sickle-shaped curved, covering the ears of the stem. Basal and bottom stem leaves with long petioles, with 2 - 5 pairs ovate to ovoid, rounded with 2 - 5 lobes or entire, with long petioles lateral leaflets and with slightly longer apex leaflet. Middle and upper stem leaves with short petioles or sessile, 5 - 9 pairs ovate-lance to narrowly lance, entire or 3 - 5-lobed, with very short petioles or sessile lateral lobes and (3) 5 - 7-lobed, longer than the lateral leaflets top leaf. Inflorescences dense. Blossom petioles 1.5 - 3 mm long, spread. Sepals 1.5 - 2 mm long, oblong linear, green, at the top with a broad white membranous strip at the edge. Petals 2 - 3 mm long, ovoid oblong elongated, apex entire, almost equal to the calyx or slightly longer, often absent, white, stamens 3 - 3.5 mm long, slightly longer than the corolla. Anthers 0.5 mm long, greenish yellow. The petioles of the pods are upright bent, at the bottom almost horizontal, curved upwards, without thickening the top. The pods closely linear, erect, sloping, (15) 18 - 30 mm long and 1 - 1.2 mm wide, flattened, slightly convex above the seeds, pointed at the apex, glabrous. Stem 0.5 - 1 mm long. Seeds 1.1 - 1.4 {1.5) mm long and 0.9 - 1 mm wide, oblong elliptic, red brown, without wings or with very narrow wing at the base.


f. impatiens. Petals normally developed. Distributed.
f. appetal (Gilib.) Markgraf and Hegi, 111. Fl. Mitt. Eur. ed. 2 (1958) 205; Hayek, 1st c .; C. impatiens var. appetite Gilib., Fl. Lithuanica IV (1781) 67. Petals missing. Predbalkan (Lukovitsko and Gabrovsko).

From:   „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)

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Cardamine impatiens, the narrowleaf bittercress[1] or narrow-leaved bitter-cress,[2] is a plant species in the genus Cardamine of the family Brassicaceae. It is a slender, biennial herb, that produces sterile leaves in the first year, one to several flowering stems during the next. Its leaves are pinnate with several pairs of lanceolate, dentate leaflets and a terminal, slightly longer leaflet. The short petals surpass the calyx by half of its length. The seeds are arranged in one row on each side of the central membrane of the narrow pod and are ejected out in a shower due to the tension formed as the seed pod (silique) dries. It grows on walls, open ground in shady places in forests usually disturbed by man.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VII.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in the shady moist forests. Predbalkan, Stara planina, Znepolski region (Rui planina), Vitosha region (Vitosha, Plana), Western border mountains (Osogovska planina), Rila, Western and Middle Rhodopes, from 400 to 1500 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe, Mediterranean, Southwest Asia, Caucasus, Central Asia, Siberia, Japan and China.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: no, it is not medical plant - Medicinal Plants Act -

References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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