Centaurea orientalis L.

Fam Asteraceae (Compositae)

GenusCentaurea L. = Cornflower 

Species:  Centaurea orientalis L.

English Name:


Yellow flowers from exquisite silver buds. About 2ft 6in tall. Best in sun. Excellent bee and butterfly plant. Native to Southeast Europe.

This species is a north Balkan - north Pontic forest-steppe element. It is quite frequent in southern and eastern Romania but very rare in Transylvania where it occurs only in two known locations - Balauseri, Mures county (discovered by E. Fulop in 1977) and Barcut, Brasov county (discovered by Wachner in 1931 who mistook this species for Centaurea ruthenica Lam.). The pioneer of the Transylvanian nature science, J. Baumgarten mentioned this plant from Rupea (Cohalm), Brasov county at the beginning of the XIXth century. This species is to be considered and protected in Transylvania as a regional rare endangered species.

Flowering Time:   May - September.


„Определител на растенията в Българиа”, Делипавлов и съавтори, Земиздат, София, (1983),

- new edittion 2003 year.

Distribution in Bulgaria: 

The Plants grow in  bushes and grassy places along Black Sea Coast, Thracian lowland, Знеполски district,

Middle- and Eastern Rhodope mountains, Pirin mountain lower 1000 m altitude.

(Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) conspectus&gs_l= Zlc 


This species is a north Balkan - north Pontic forest-steppe element.

Conservation status and threats:  not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие


Centaurea orientalis 1.


E-mail:                                                                                                                     ©K. Nanev

Copy right: K. Nanev© 2012. All rights reserved.