Chaerophyllum hirsutum L.
2161 (2). Ch. hirsutum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 258; Cannon, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 325; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, II (1925) 803; С. cicularia VIII., Prosp. Hist. PI. Dauph. II (1779) 644; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1927) 1061; Стоян. Стеф. Китан., op. c. изд. 4, II (1967) 766 — Влакнест балдаран
Fam: Umbelliferae Juss. (Apiaceae}
Genus: Chaerophyllum L.
Species: Chaerophyllum hirsutum L.
English Name: Hairy chervil
Perennial plant. Rhizome long, cylindrical, horizontal, jointed, branched, brown. Stem 20 - 120 cm high, erect or ascending, cylindrical, furrowed, hollow, branched only at the top, naked or spreading fibrous, below the nodes without thickening or scarce thickened. The leaves are dark green, broadly triangular to pentagonal, 3 to 4 times pubescent or often almost triple-lobed with lateral first-order shares nearly as long as the central shares; end shareses 1 - 3 cm long and 0.5 - 1.5 cm wide, ovoid or oblong, more or less cut and serrated at the end; on the underside, often shiny, as well as the petioles, more or less bristly fibrous or mossy to bare; base and lower with long petioles, the upper ones sit on a wide spanning vagina. Main rays 10 to 20 (most often 15), bare, at base without sheath or with 1 - 2 rapidly falling leaves; lateral awnings consecutive or opposite. Umbels with numerous blossoms, bracts 5 - 10, lance, thinly pointed, unequal, narrow or broadly bluish and ciliate at the end, sometimes pink in color, initially sitting down to the umbel or spreading, later curved downwards. Petals white or pink, ovate back to heart-shaped, 1/4 or 1/3 of apex cut, with more or less ciliate margin at the end. Fruits 5 - 12 mm long and 1.5 - 2.5 mm wide, oblong conical to almost cylindrical, almost equal to the fruiting petioles or longer, yellow-brown or gray-brown, with rounded and distinctly convex main ribs nearly as wide as the darker furrows between them; grooves at the top narrowed and ribs connected; the stylopodium conical, gradually narrowed to at least 2 times longer than it is spaced to nearly erect stairs; the carpophore only at the apex two-lobed; mericarpes in cross-section nearly round with wider than tubular inner ribs; the channels below the grooves and protruding inwards. The tubular side of the endosperm is very wavy folded.
Var. hirsutum. C. palustre var. hirsutum Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. I (1785) 683. Fibrous plants. The stem is bristly fibrous, especially at the bottom. The leaves below and mainly along the veins more or less short bristly fibrous. Distributed.
Var. glabrum (Lam.) Briq. and Schinz et R. Kell., Fl. Schweiz, ed. 2 (1905) 162; C. palustre var. glabrum Lam., 1. c. C. hirsutum f. umbrosum (Jord.) Beauv., Bull. Herb. Boiss. sir. 2, II (1901) 122; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1927) 1061; C. umbrosum Jord., Obs. PI. Critf VII (1849) 30. Naked and almost bare plants. The leaves below just along the veins scattered hairy or completely naked. Distributed.
Note. The species in Bulgaria varies not only in terms of inductance, but also in a number of other features. Forms with opposite lateral canopies are found, as in C. elegans Gaud., But the carpophore is not deeply separated. The carpophore is always only split at the tip, but varies in width (from as wide at the base as nearly the fruiting handle to 2 times narrower than it). Variety is also observed with regard to the shape of the bracts and the degree of their hairiness. The fracture of the leaf petal, the shape of the partitions and their serrations are also very different. More detailed studies are needed to establish the correlation between the differences found and to clarify their taxonomic value.
From: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том VIII, БАН, София, (1982)
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Il cerfoglio selvatico (Chaerophyllum hirsutum L., 1753) è una pianta della famiglia delle Apiacee, diffusa in Europa.
From: Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII.
Distribution in Bulgaria:
Growing in humid and shady places near streams, in swampy meadows, shrubs and forests, mostly in the mountain belt. Stara Planina, Vitosha District, Belasitsa, Western Border Mountains (Osogovska Mountain), Pirin, Rila and Rhodopes, from 900 to 2200 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Southern Europe and the Caucasus.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is medical plant - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том VIII, БАН, София, (1982), Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.
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