Clematis flammula L.
1066 (1). C. flammula L., Sp. PL ed. I (1753) 544; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1(1924) 322 — Парлив повет, повет-пламъче
Fam: Ranunculaceae Juss.
Genus: Clematis L.
Species: Clematis flammula L.
English Name: Frgrant virgin’s bower
ђ. The root is with many heads. The stem is about 5 m long, creeping or curving, stiff, with highly ribbed ribs. The leaves with long stems, double feathery, bare, matte green, with no arched protruding veins. Leaflets are entire or with 2 - 3 shares, with 2 - 3 cm long stems, ovate, round or less often linear, dull. Blossoms collected in a highly branched, with many blossoms, top or cheekbones aromatic broom. Branches in its base with small paganists inflorescences. The perianth leaflets 4 - 5, 4 - 10 mm long, white, oblong, dull, naked, only the outer part of the end with a narrow, loose stripe. Stamidions are missing. The stamens naked, a little shorter than the perianth leaflets, the stamen stems thin, the anthers equal along the stamen stems. Carpellums fibrous. The style about 4 cm long, fibrous, curved, with the fruit preserving. The nuts are about 6 mm long and 3 mm wide, narrowly ovate, finely silky fibrous or naked. The blossom bed slightly dull to naked.
Business significance. Because of the presence of an insecticide, it is used to combat harmful insects.
From „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970)
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Clematis flammula is a temperate liana known by the common name fragrant virgin's bower. It is native to southern Europe and northern Africa, but it is cultivated worldwide as an ornamental plant in gardens. The woody vine bears fragrant white flowers and small green achenes. When the flowers are newly opened they have a strong sweet almond fragrance.
The vine grows in a tangled mass that is heavily sprinkled with flowers throughout the warmer months. It is popular with gardeners as a decoration along fences and trellises, or as ground cover. If the vine has no other plants or structures to climb on, it will climb on itself, forming a large, densely tangled bush. The plant sends out many shoots and can reach over five metres in height. It is sweet-smelling but poisonous.
In some areas, this species has become a nuisance after its introduction. It is a weed outside of gardens and landscaped areas.
Clematis flammula var. maritima is a hardier variety that is adapted to sand dunes. It is currently being studied as an agent of soil stabilization on eroded sandy beaches.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Clematis flammula L. is an accepted name
This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Clematis (family Ranunculaceae).
From “The Plant List” - www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2725991
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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IV, БАН, София, (1970), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, “The Plant List” - www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-2725991
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in the bushes. Black Sea coast (Varna), Vitosha region (Vitosha), Struma Valley (Petrich), Belasitsa, Pirin (Melnikovo) mountain, up to 1000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Southern Europe, Southwest Asia, North Africa. Introduced to North America.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
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