Colchicum bivonae Guss. = Colchicum latifolium Sm.

Colchicum latifolium Sm. is a synonym of Colchicum bivonae Guss.
This name is a synonym of Colchicum bivonae Guss..
Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI:
From: the Plant List.

Fam:  Liliaceae Hall.
Genus:   Colchicum L.
Species: Colchicum bivonae Guss.
English Name: x x x


<веош>Perennial herbaceous plants. Tuber-bulb broadly ovate to spherical, a 2 - 3.5 (4) cm long and 2 - 3 (4) cm wide. Leathery shell, light brown to reddish brown, with a neck to 1/3 of the length of the vagina, leafless last membranous, light brown, drained 1/2 to 2/3 of tubular part of perianth. Leaves 3 - 5, broadly ovate to oblong extended broadly elliptical, blunt tip, 20 - 25 cm long and 2 - 6 cm wide, flat, naked. They develop next spring. The blossoms purple, 1 - 5 (7) in number, large. Perianth leaflets in its free part broadly elliptical or ovate back, the tip dulled or rarely short pointed, 50 - 80 mm in length and 10 - 35 mm wide, with 15 - 30 veins, 1/6 - 2 times longer than stamens. Tube 1/5 - 3 times longer than the free part of the perianth. Anthers broadly linear, yellow or brown, 8 - 12 mm in length, 1/5 - 2 times shorter than styliform Staminal handles,  which are attached to the middle part. ledges are curved on top, with unilateral drained stigmas. Box lanky, up to 4 cm long, with a short beak tip.
Note. C. arenariam W. K. (Podpera, 1902) and C. hayniliii Hauff. (Ouroumov, 1912), referred incorrectly to the flora of Bulgaria, probably inaccurately identified specimens of C. autumnale L.

Flowering Time: Blooms: August - October.

References: "Флора на Народна Република България'5 том 2., БАН, София, (1964)

Distribution in Bulgaria: On the hills, dry and grassy places. Struma valley south of the Kresna gorge. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Balkan Peninsula, Greece, Macedonia.

Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие.

It is included in the "Red Data Book of PR Bulgaria", Bulg. Acad. of Sci., Comitee for Protection of the Enviroment, Sofia, vol. 1, Plants, (1984), as rare

Medical plant: it is not medical plant -

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