Convallaria majalis L.

597 (1). С. majalis L. Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 314; Polygonattim majale All. Fl. Pedem. I (1785) 130; Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. III (1933) 98 — Момина сълза

Fam:  Liliaceae Hall.
Genus:  Convallaria L
Species: Convallaria majalis L.
English Name: Lily of the valley


Naked perennial plant high 15 - 30 (40) cm. Rhizome branched, relatively thin, creeping, horizontally, rose slightly towards the top or vertically, with frayed remnants of last year's leaves vaginas. Flowering stems and leaves emerge from the rhizome. At its core coated with a 3 - 6 tunicates to leather, white or pinkish vagina’s textured leaves. One stem, rarely 2 and usually comes from the axil of the innermost sheet vaginal, rarely side - outside of the vagina’s leave or between of the vaginas  ordinary (green) leaves. It is thin, unbranched, leafless. Leaves basal, 2, rarely 3, often exceed the stem, elliptical or elongated elliptical lanceolate, 10 - 12 cm long, 4 - 10 cm wide, tapering toward the tip, the outer one (of both), or the two outer 2 leaves (from all 3)are narrowed at its base and form long vaginas, laterally open in its upper part and are tapered in its lower part. The inner leaf basically narrowed in a long handle, vagina its vegetation cover peak of the rhizome, and the handle is covered by the vagina of an external or outer two leaves. Inflorescence is a cluster peak, loose, with 6 - 10, rarely up to 20 blossoms with short handles, arranged alternately, but curved so that the blossoms are ± turned to one side. Bracts lanceolate, tunicates, a little shorter than blossom handles. Hermaphrodite blossoms, upside down, with a pleasant aroma. Perianth white, round bell-shaped, 5 - 9 mm long, six replicates, formed by accretion of 6 perianth leaflets, with six short teeth, curved outwards. Stamens 6, shorter than the perianth, with short handles, fleshy thickened in its lower part and fused to its half with perianth, at the upper end thin and curved sharply to the pistil. Light yellow anthers attached at the base on the outside, pointed to the top. Ovary seated, ovoid, triplicate wells, with 4 - 8 ovules in each well. The bar short, thick, slightly rounded, slightly rounded tricuspid stigma. Fruit spherical, fleshy, orange red many seminal strawberry, that ripens during the summer. Seeds almost globular or angular.

Economic significance. Valuable medicinal plant. Toxic. Contains glycosides, alkaloids, santonin steroids - substances regulating heart function. It contains essential oils - used in perfumery. Many widely as an ornamental plant. There are a number of garden forms - pink blossoms, white with red dots, decoration forms and more.

From: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том  II, БАН, София, (1964 )

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Lily of the valley, sometimes written lily-of-the-valley,[1] scientific name Convallaria majalis /ˌkɒnvəˈlɛəriə məˈdʒeɪlɨs/,[2] is a sweetly scented, highly poisonous woodland flowering plant that is native throughout the cool temperate Northern Hemisphere in Asia, and Europe.
It is possibly the only species in the genus Convallaria (or one of two or three, if C. keiskei and C. transcaucasica are recognised as separate species). In the APG III system, the genus is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae[3]). It was formerly placed in its own family Convallariaceae, and, like many lilioid monocots, before that in the lily family Liliaceae.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - VI.

References: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том  II, БАН, София, (1964 ), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow light deciduous forests and bushes in plains, foothills and low mountain areas from 100 to 1400 meters altitude. in calcareous and siliceous. It occurs in almost all of Bulgaria, but relatively rare. At high altitude is located Slavyanka Mountain. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: It occurs in almost all of Europe (excluding arctic and subarctic area and evergreen area of ​​Mediterranean), moderately warm part of Asia (Asia Minor to Japan), in North America.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: yes, it is -

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