Cruciata glabra (L.) Ehrend.

2478 (2). C. glabra (L.) Ehrend., Not. Roy. Bot. Gard. Еdinb., XXII (1958) 393; Ehrend., Fl. Eur., IV (1976) 37; Valantia glabra L., Sp. Pi., ed. 2 (1763) 1491; Galium vemum Scop. Fl. Carn., ed. 2, II (1772) 99; Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, II (1925) 1054; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc., II (1930) 474 — Пролетна repгевка

Fam:   Rubiaceae Juss.
Genus:   Cruciata Miller
Species: Cruciata glabra (L.) Ehrend.
English Name: not found a common name


Perennial plant. Rhizome thin, creeping, with long underground shoots. Stems 5 - 20. (-25) cm high, simple, rarely near the base with 1 - 3 lateral branches, erect, glabrous or scattered to evenly densely short fibrous with 0.4 - 0.8 mm long hairs; the middle internodes are 1.0 - 3.0 (3.5) cm long. Leaves 6 - 16 (-20) mm long, 3 - 7 mm wide, narrow to broadly ovate or elliptical, gradually narrowed towards the apex, pointed or rounded with straight edges, with 3 veins, the middle convex, wider than the lateral, glabrous or fibrous mainly on the lower surface, in the area of ​​the inflorescence yellow-greenish. During fruiting with slightly curled edges. The penumbras are shorter than the leaves, with 3 - 5 flowers, without bracts. Inflorescence and flower petioles glabrous, rarely short fibrous, with fruits curved downwards. Medium flowers bisexual, lateral with stamens. Corolla 2.5 - 3.5 mm in diameter, pale yellow or greenish yellow, with ovoid at the top short pointed shares. The style 0.3 - 0.4 mm, The shares fused to the middle. Nuts one, rarely two, 1.5 - 2.5 (-2.8) mm long, pear-shaped, naked.


1 Stems 5 - 10 (—15) cm high; leaves longer or equal to the stem internodes ............. var. alpina (Schur) Ančev, Fitol., 5 (1976) 53; Valantia alpina Schur, Verh, Siebenb. Ver. Naturw., 111 (1852) 86; Galium alpinum Schur, Enum. Pl. Transs. (1866) 288; Vel., Fl. Bulg. (1891) 236; G. vernum var. alpinum (Schur) Stoj. et Stef., op. c., 1st c .; Hayek, op. c., 1. c. Central and Western Stara Planina, Vitosha region (Vitosha), Western border mountains, Belasitsa, Slavyanka, Pirin, Rila, Western and Middle Rhodopes, from 1500 to 2700 m above sea level.
1* Stems (10-) 15 - 25 cm high; leaves shorter than the stem internodes ............................... var. glabra .............................. ............................. 2
2 Stems and leaves bare ............................................. ...................... f. glabra. Distributed within the species, from 200 to 1900 m above sea level .
2* Stems and leaves from scattered to densely fibrous or plants with fibrous and bare leaves f. hirticaulis (Beck) Ancčv, ccmb. et st. n .; Galium vernum var. hirticaule Beck, Fl. Nieder - Österr., II (2) (1893) 1120. Distributed in the granites of the species, from 200 to 1900 m above sea level.

From:     „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989)

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Cruciata glabra (L.) Opiz is an accepted name

This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Cruciata (family Rubiaceae).
The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 51735) with original publication details: Seznam 34 1852.
Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI:

From   The Plant List:>tp11.1>record>kew – 51735

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Flowering Time: Flowering: V - VII, fruiting: VII - IX

Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in light forests and bushes, in clearings, meadows, in the foothills and mountains. Distributed, except on the Black Sea coast and the Danube plain from 300 to 2500 m above sea level. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Central and Southern Europe, Mediterranean, Southwest Asia (Asia Minor), Caucasus, Western Siberia. Moved to North America.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: no, it is not medical plat - Medicinal Plants Act -

References: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989), The Plant List:>tp11.1>record>kew – 51735

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