Dianthus superbus L.

Dianthus superbus L., FL Suec. ed. 2 (1755) 146; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1924) 251; Стоян. Ахт., Сборн. БАН XXIX (1935) 82 — Великолепен, превъзходен карамфил

Fam:   Caryophyllaceae Juss.
Genus:   Dianthus L.
Species: Dianthus superbus L.
English Name: Fringed pink


Perennial plant high 30 - 65 (90) cm loose tuft-like with rising slightly at the base and branching in the upper portion stems. Leaves linear lanceolate or lanceolate. The blossoms strongly aromatic. Scales in the calyx 2 - 4 in number, oval, pointed or ending in short awn, up to 1/4, or 1/3 of the length of the calyx. Calyx 15 -  30 mm in length, 3 - 6 mm wide, gradually tapering upward. Lamina of petals about 20 mm long, chopped more than half of his white, rarely pink, with large hairs on the upper surface.

Economic significance. Very valuable ornamental plant used in horticulture.

From: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1067)

Dianthus superbus (Large Pink) is a species of Dianthus native to Europe and northern Asia, from northernmost Spain and France north to arctic Norway, and east to Japan; in the south of its range, it occurs at high altitudes, up to 2,400 m.[1][2][3][4]
It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 80 cm tall. The leaves are green to greyish green, slender, up to 8 cm long. The flowers are sweetly scented, 3–5 cm in diameter, with five deeply cut fringed petals, pink to lavender with a greenish base; they are produced in branched clusters at the top of the stems from early to late summer.[3][5]
There are six subspecies:[1][2][3][4]
Dianthus superbus subsp. superbus. Most of the species' range.
Dianthus superbus subsp. autumnalis Oberd. Southwestern France.
Dianthus superbus subsp. sylvestris Čelak. Germany.
Dianthus superbus subsp. alpestris Kablík. ex Čelak. (syn. D. s. subsp. speciosus). Alps, Carpathians, at high altitudes. Shorter stems; leaves greyer; flowers large.
Dianthus superbus subsp. stenocalyx (Trautv. ex Juz.) Kleopow. Southern Russia, Ukraine.
Dianthus superbus subsp. longicalycinus (Maxim.) Kitam. Japan. Also called nadeshiko (ナデシコ?).
It is the only food source of the large moth Coleophora musculella.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1067)

Distribution in Bulgaria: In foothill and mountain meadows rarely in the lowlands. North-East Bulgaria, Stara Planina (Balkan mountain), Sofia region, Vitosha region, Rila and Central Western Sredna Gora, Western Rhodopes, until about 1800 meters altitude, rarely below 1000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe (excluding the final West, the extreme south and north), Central Asia, Siberia, Indo-China region.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is not medical olant -

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Dianthus superbus 1. Dianthus superbus 2. Dianthus superbus 3. Dianthus superbus 4. Dianthus superbus 5.


Dianthus superbus 6.


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