Dianthus urumoffii Stoj. et Acht.

Dianthus  urumoffii Stoj. et Acht. in Стоян. Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 2 (1933) 364 nom. et Сборн. БАН XXIX (1935) 42 —Урумов карамфил

Fam:   Caryophyllaceae Juss.
Genus:  Dianthus L.
Species: Dianthus urumoffii Stoj. et Acht.
English Name: - - -


Perennial plants with significant woody root, with -one or more upright tetrahedral usually 30 - 60 cm tall, unbranched stems, light green, naked. The sheaths of leaves 5 - 9 times longer than the stem diameter. Leaf lamina linear styliform at the base, 1.5 - 3 mm wide, narrowed to the top in the end almost smooth, light green, with about 7 veins. The inflorescence almost globular, usually with 2 - 7 blossoms. Wrapping flakes of the inflorescence linear lanceolate, gradually narrowed and pointed, long approximately as calyxes, green or purple in the upper part, seldom entirely purple. The flakes of the calyx lanceolate or linear lanceolate, widest at its base, and to the top gradually narrow and pointed, usually reaching the base of the teeths of the calyx or a little longer, close to the calyx, green or purple lines. Calyx closely cylindrical, 16 - 20 mm in length and 3 - 3.5 mm wide, tapering toward the tip, at the lower part green, and the upper with purple lines, covered with rare small sessile glands; teeth purple, with a thin membranous edge. Lamina of petals back wedge, sharp, intense red and inside at the base with yellow spot, 5 - 7 mm long, on the surface with separate small glands.

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII.

References: „Флора на НР България”, том III, БАН, София, (1067)

Distribution in Bulgaria: Grows on grassy places. Vitosha region, Sofia region. Endemic. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Vitosha region, Sofia region. Bulgarian endemic.

Medical plant: it is not -

Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие.

The species is included in the "Red Book of P Republic Bulgaria", Volume 1. Plants as an endangered species. Bulgarian endemic. Is included in the European list of rare, endangered and endemic plants category threatened. Distributed in the Sofia region (Lulin, Suhindol, Bozhurishte) It is not collected after 1935, when described.
„Червена книга на НР България”, том 1. Растения, БАН, София (1984)

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Supplement: "Red Data Book of the Republic of Bulgaria" - Electronic Edition

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1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Dianthus urumoffii 1. Dianthus urumoffii 2. Dianthus urumoffii 3. Dianthus urumoffii 4.

Dianthus urumoffii 5. Dianthus urumoffii 6. Dianthus urumoffii 7.


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