Fragaria moschata Duchesne
1556 (2). F. moschata Duchesne, Hist. Nat. Frais. (1766) 145; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. 1 (1925) 671; Tutin, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 47; F. elatior Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. VII (1792) 23 — Суница
Fam: Rosaceae Juss.
Genus: Fragaria L.
Species: Fragaria moschata Duchesne
English Name: Musk strawberry or Hautbois strawberry
Perennial plant. Rhizome horizontal, oblique or almost straight, scaly. From the recesses of the basal leaves get out very short (sometimes not developing) thin shoots ("въси "). The leaves are triple, collected in a basal rosette, with up to 21 cm long petioles, the latter with thick, horizontally spread hairs and single flakes; petals 5.2 - 6.6 cm long and 3.5 cm wide, ovoid rhombic, on the edge with 6 - 10 large and wide teeth, green and diffusely fibrous above, grayish green below, adjacent fibrous, all leaflets with short petioles Stipules broadly lance, pointed, fibrous below the middle vein, glabrous above Flowering stems 15 - 40 cm high, leafless, erect, usually longer than the basal leaves, covered with numerous horizontally spreading hairs and single glands. Flowers up to 2.5 cm in diameter, usually bisexual, rarely unisexual (rarely dioecious), collected in 5 - 12 in thyroid inflorescences, flower petioles with short, abundant, spreading or curved down hairs, during flowering extending The sepals fit fit fibrous, at the fetus spread or curved backwards; outer linear lance, slightly shorter and narrower than inner, last lance. Petals 5 - 12 mm, back ovoid, rarely rounded, overlapping, with short claws, significantly longer than the sepals, white or very rarely yellowish. Stamens 20, equal in length to the columns or shorter. Ovaries numerous, naked. The columns are lateral. The flower bed is fibrous, with a concave upper surface, after flowering it enlarges and grows into a fleshy false strawberry, the latter most often small and undeveloped, ovoid or spherical, at the base narrowed into a fruit-free neck, white, greenish white or red on one side only, difficult to separate. The nuts are ovoid, about 0.8 - 1.5 mm long, brown.
From: „Флора на НР България”, том V, БАН, София, (1973)
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The musk strawberry or hautbois strawberry (Fragaria moschata), is a species of strawberry native to Europe. Its French name hautbois strawberry may be anglicised as hautboy strawberry. The plants are hardy and can survive in many weather conditions and are cultivated commercially on a small scale, particularly in Italy. The fruit are small and round; they are used in the gourmet community for their intense aroma and superb flavour, which has been compared to a mixture of regular strawberry, raspberry and pineapple. Popular cultivated varieties include 'Capron' and 'Profumata di Tortona'.
Musk strawberries grow wild to a limited extent in the forests of Central Europe, north into Scandinavia, and east into Russia. The musk strawberry is found growing along the edges of forests and requires moist and sheltered sites since they do not tolerate temperature fluctuations.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VII (sometimes secondary flowering X), fruitfu: VII - VIII.
Distribution in Bulgaria: It grows in grassy places and bushes in the plains and mountains. Widespread, from sea level to 2000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central Europe, reaches northwestern France, central Italy, Turkey and the central parts of the European part of the USSR. Widely naturalized in the gardens of Northern Europe.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на НР България”, том V, БАН, София, (1973), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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