Fragaria viridis Duchesne
1557 (3). F. viridis Duchesne, Hist. Nat. Frais. (1766) 135; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Bale. 1(1925) 671; Tutin, Fl. Eur. 11(1968) 48; F. collina Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. VII (1792) 26 — Планица
Fam: Rosaceae Juss.
Genus: Fragaria L.
Species: Fragaria viridis Duchesne
English Name: Creamy strawberry
Perennial plant. Rhizome oblique, simple or slightly branched, flaky. Very short filamentous shoots ("въси ") or without shoots usually emerge from the axils of the basal leaves. The leaves are triple, gathered in a basal rosette with up to 11 cm long petioles, covered with numerous spreading hairs; ) cm long and 2 - 2.5 cm wide, ovate, rhombic or inverted ovate, with 6 - 13 slightly pointed, almost triangular teeth on each side; especially dense on the convex veins, the upper leaf with a short petiole, the lateral ones sessile, the stipules rather narrow, spreading fibrous, dark brown. Flowers up to 2.5 mm in diameter, usually bisexual, sometimes unisexual, collected in small, loose, with few flowers, thyroid-shaped, covered in the lower parts with spreading and in the upper parts with scattered spreading or lying down hairs. inflorescences; flower petioles short, with close-fitting or spreading hairs. The sepals are fibrous, enclosing the fruit; outer linear lance, sometimes split at apex, equally long or slightly longer than inner, last triangular lance. Petals 5 - 10 mm, rounded or back ovoid, overlapping, with a short claw, almost equally long with the sepals, creamy white or white. Stamens 20, equal to the length of the styles. Ovaries numerous, naked. The styles are lateral. The flower bed with a fibrous, slightly concave surface, after flowering enlarges and grows into a fleshy false strawberry, the latter strongly aromatic, up to 1 cm long, spherical or conversely ovoid, at the base narrowed, usually yellowish white, only at the top reddish, rarely completely pink or pale red, difficult to separate; the nuts are slightly immersed or protruding in the flower bed; the latter at the base without nuts. Nuts ovoid, about 0.8 - 1.5 mm long, brown.
From: „Флора на НР България”, том V, БАН, София, (1973)
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Creamy strawberry (Fragaria viridis) is a species of strawberry native to Europe and central Asia. It has fruits with fine flavour. They have surprisingly little of the usual strawberry aroma, but a refreshing acidity, and sometimes ripen without becoming red. When they are plucked from the plant, the calyx will usually adhere and they will detach with a noticeable snapping sound.
All strawberries have a base haploid count of 7 chromosomes. Fragaria viridis is diploid, having 2 pairs of these chromosomes for a total of 14 chromosomes.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VI (sometimes secondary flowering X), fruiting VI - VIII.
Distribution in Bulgaria: It grows on hills, in bushes, on grassy places in the plains and foothills. Widespread, from sea level to 1300 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Europe (excluding Iceland and the Far North), Caucasus, Siberia, Macaronesia.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на НР България”, том V, БАН, София, (1973), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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