Galega officinalis L.
1673. G officinalis L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 714; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 794; Ball, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 107; G. patula Stev., Bull. Soc. Nat. Mosc. XXIX, 3 (1856) 140; Exs.:Pl. Bulg. Exsicc. № 363 — Жаблек, Конски ребра
Fam: Leguminose Juss. (Fabaceae)
Genus: Galega L.
Species: Galega officinalis L.
English Name: Goat’s-rue, French lilac, Italian fitch or Professor-weed
A perennial plant. Stem at the base slightly wooden, upright 40.0 - 150.0 cm high, round, slightly longitudinally of ribs, hollow, bare or scattered fiber, branching. Imparipinnate leaves, leaf axis (3.0) 4.0 - 8.0 (17.0) cm long, naked or absently fiber. Leaflets 9.0 - 17.0 (-50.0) mm long and (2.0) 4.0 - 10.0 (19.0) mm wide, oblong, elliptical, ovoid or back lancet, at the base rounded to vaguely heart-shaped, on top blunt or shallow cut, short gabled, on short stems, light green, or bottom idly fitting fibrous. Stipule (6.0) 8.0 - 12.0 (17.0} mm long, arrow-shaped ovoid, foliate, almost naked, free, durable. Inflorescences (2.0) 5.0 - 25.0 cm long, racemose, lateral, in the bosom of the leaves along the stem, with many flowers, longer than axillary leaf. Flower stems 4.0 - 5.0 mm long, scattered fiber. Bracts linear styliform, 5.0 - 6.0 mm long, scattered short fiber. Calyx 4.0 - 5.0 (6.0) mm long and 2.0 mm wide, almost naked or scattered short fibrous, almost correct, to the middle shared; teeth linear, more or less equal to the tube. Corolla 10.0 - 15.0 mm long, white to violet, naked. The flag elliptical ovoid back, on top entire or slightly incised, 7.0 - 8.0 mm wide, at the base gradually drained into short wide claw, a little longer than the wings and keel. The wings extended elliptical, in the base with eastern closely elliptical appendage, narrowed in thin long nails equal to the keel. The keel elliptical, the top short-drained, highly curved sickle, basically with long thin nails. Beans 2.0 - 5.0 cm long and 2.0 - 3.0 mm wide, cylindrical linear, circular cross section, slightly strangulated, naked, with numerous seeds. Seeds 4.0 - 4.5 mm long and 2.0 mm wide, oblong kidney, laterally flattened, brown, smooth.
Economic importance. Poison used in folk medicine, fodder before flowering, poor honey, decorative.
¹ developed by B. Kouzmanov.
„Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)
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Galega officinalis, commonly known as galega, goat's-rue, French lilac, Italian fitch, or professor-weed, is an herbaceous plant in the Faboideae subfamily. It is native to the Middle East, but it has been naturalized in Europe, western Asia, and western Pakistan. The plant has been extensively cultivated as a forage crop, an ornamental, a bee plant and as green manure. However, the plant has proved too toxic for widespread agricultural use, with the potential to induce tracheal frothing, pulmonary oedema, hydrothorax, hypotension, paralysis and death.
Its name derives from gala (milk) and ago (to bring on), as Galega has been used as a galactogogue in small domestic animals (hence the name "Goat's rue"). Galega bicolor is a synonym. It is a hardy perennial that blooms in the summer months.
G. officinalis is used as a food plant by the larva of Coleophora vicinella, a species of moth.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: V - VIII, fruitful: VIII - IX.
References: „Флора на НР България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria: Grow in damp shady places around the trenches, ditches, near forests, plains and mountains. Widespread until around 1300 meters altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc. Distribution:Central, Eastern and Southern Europe, Southwest Asia. Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Medical plant: Yes, it is - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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