Genus Cichorium L.

773. (52). Cichorium L. — Синя жлъчка

Fam:   Asteraceae
Genus:   Cichorium L.
English Name: chicory or endive


Annual or perennial plants with entire to feathery-like cut leaves. The inflorescences are almost sat down in the bosoms of the stem leaves. flowers blue, pink or white. Inflorescence sheath double; the inner one composed of very short and spreading leaflets.The fruit with 5 obscure ribs; the kite of the fruit consists of 1 - 2 rows of short scales.

1.   The fruit is transversely striated, 8 - 10 times longer than the scaly kite; perennial plant ……...............................……… (1) C. intybus L.
1*. The fruit is smooth, 2 - 4 times longer than the kite; annual plant ............................................................................. (2) C. pumilum Jacq.

From:   "Флора на България", Н. Стоянов, Б. Стефанов, Б. Китанов, Изд. "Наука и изкуства", том II, (1966)

Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

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Cichorium is a genus of plants in the dandelion tribe within the sunflower family.[4][2] The genus includes two cultivated species commonly known as chicory or endive, plus several wild species.[5]
Common chicory (Cichorium intybus) is a bushy perennial herb with blue or lavender (or, rarely, white or pink) flowers. It grows as a wild plant on roadsides in its native Europe, and in North America, where it has become naturalized. It is grown for its leaves, when it is known as leaf chicory, endive, radicchio, Belgian endive, French endive, or witloof. Other varieties are grown for their roots, which are used as a coffee substitute, similar to dandelion coffee.
True endive (Cichorium endivia) is a species grown and used as a salad green. It has a slightly bitter taste and has been attributed with herbal properties. Curly endive and the broad-leafed escarole are true endives.
Cichorium is used as a food plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including setaceous Hebrew character, turnip moth, and the grass moth Diasemia reticularis.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The genus Cichorium is in the family Compositae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants).
From: › browse › Compositae › Cichorium

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References: "Флора на България", Н. Стоянов, Б. Стефанов, Б. Китанов, Изд. "Наука и изкуства", том II, (1966), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, › browse › Compositae › Cichorium


Cichorium intibus L. - Chicory, Radicchio, Succory, Witloof


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