Genus Conium L.

Род 544 (20). БУЧИНИШ — CONIUM L.¹

L., Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 243; Gen. PI. ed. 5 (1754) 114

Fam:   Umbelliferae Juss. (Apiaceae)
Genus:   Conium L.
English Name: Conium


Biennial or less annual herbaceous plants. Stems erect, cylindrical, smooth or finely ribbed, hollow, bare or with a bluish bloom at the bottom often with reddish spots, more or less branched. Leaves of 3 to 4 times feathery divided, naked, lower with stems, the upper sessile with narrow vaginas. Complex canopies numerous, with 6 - 20 main beam, at the base with a sheath of 5 - 6 ovoid lance, strongly tapered, curved downwards leaflets. Sun visors with a sheath of 3 - 6 located on the outside of bracts at the base expanded and often fused. Flowers bisexual or polygamous; calyx with unclear, subtle teeth or no teeth; petals white in all flowers almost identical, broadly ovate back, on top shallow cut and the notch shallow with enviously into short, on the top small share. Fruits widely to round-ovate, slightly flattened side. Stilopodium short conical. The bars filamentary, horizontally spread, almost 2 times longer than the stilopodium; Karpoforo whole; the the mericarps with 5 distinct, wavy thickened, cartilaginous main ribs; channels in ripening fruit disappearing; endosperm with deep narrow notch on the inside.

¹ Developed by Iv. Assenov.

From „Флора на НР България”, том VIII, БАН, София, (1982)

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Conium (/koʊˈnaɪ.əm/ or /ˈkoʊniəm/) is a genus of flowering plants in the carrot family Apiaceae which consists of four species accepted by The Plant List.[1][2] One species, C. maculatum, also called hemlock, which is highly poisonous, is native to temperate regions of Europe, North Africa and Western Asia, while the other three are from southern Africa.[1]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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References: „Флора на НР България”, том VIII, БАН, София, (1982), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

The genus is monotypes. It is presented with only one species in Bulgaria:


Conium maculatum L. - Hemlock, Poison hemlock



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