G. sanguineum L., Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 683; Boiss., Fl. Or. I (1867) 874; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balс. I (1925) 572; Webb et Ferguson, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 195; Exs.: PI. Bulg. Exsicc. № 683 — Кървавочервен здравец
Fam: Geraniaceae Juss.
Genus: Geranium L.
Species: Geranium sanguineum L.
English Name: Bloody cranesbill or Bloody geranium
Geranium sanguineum, commonly called bloody cranesbill or bloody geranium, is a species of hardy flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the genus Geranium, Geraniaceae family. It is also the county flower of Northumberland and equally the county's affiliated ship, HMS Northumberland.
The biological form of Geranium sanguineum is hemicryptophyte scapose, as its overwintering buds are situated just below the soil surface and the floral axis is more or less erect with a few leaves. It has a thick rhizome. The stems are prostrate to ascending, well developed, very branched and hairy. This plant reaches on average 30–50 centimetres (12–20 in) in height The petiolate leaves have five lobes (or segments), each segment is tripartite in large teeth. The flowers have a diameter of 2.5 to 4 cm. and are purple The flowering period extends from May through October. The flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by insects (entomophily). The most common flower visitors are Syrphidae and Hymenoptera, but also butterflies and Coleoptera. The fruit is a capsule consisting of five achenes, with a pubescent surface.
Flowering Time: VI— VII,
References: „Флора на НРБ”, том VII, БАН, София (1979), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Distribution in Bulgaria:
These plants are growing on grassy and bushy and damp places, around streams in the mountains. Middle- and Western Balkan, Rila, Western Rhodope mountains, Vitosha region, from 700 up to 1500 m altitude. They are appointed for Знеполски район (Трънско – Стоян., Стеф.,1948; Стоян., Ганчев, 1950) too.
Distribution: Europe (without last northern regions), Caucasus, South-West Asia.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law.Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие.
Medical plant: it is medical plant - http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
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