Geranium sylvaticum L.

G. sylvaticum L. Sp. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 681; Boiss., Fl. Or. I (1867) 877; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balс. I (1925) 573; Webb et Ferguson, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 195; Exs.: PI. Bulg. Exsicc. № 935 — Горски здравец

Fam:   Geraniaceae Juss.
Genus:  Geranium L.
Species: Geranium sylvaticum L.
English Name: wood cranesbill, woodland geranium


Perennial rhizome a strong, horizontal, thick, covered with many brown integument - shaped rest stipules of low stem leaves, 25-100 cm tall plants. Stems usually numerous, straight, in the upper fibrous outstretched just at the bottom of the pile facing  below the top spread or mixed purposes only and fibrous glandular outstretched. The low stem leaves 10-40 cm long, fibrous simply by facing down cloth or fan densely glandular pubescent stems, 3-8 cm long, 6-14 cm wide, numerous, rounded in shape, to 3/4, its radius divided into 5 - 7 ovate lanceolate or rhombic, mostly folded or slightly spaced from one another and in turn the shallower or deeper jagged partitions on both sides. fitting just fiber. Stipules lanceolate, pointed, light brown, leather, naked or with short, close, simpler, wooly glandular hairs. Stem leaves 10-14 cm long, fibrous simply by facing down cloth or fan densely glandular pubescent stems, 3.5 to 10.0 cm long, 6-16 cm wide, divided and basal, both sides just fibrous, occasionally with sessile glands, consistent, upper subsessile against  positions. Two colors on a 1-8 cm long, spreading simple and glandular fibrous clusters, handles, bisexual or rarely unisexual male considerably smaller in thin coats or bosom clusters. Blossom stems linear lanceolate, pointed, light brown, fibrous. Pedicels 0.5 - 3.0 cm long, spreading simple and glandular hairy in color and the fetus does. Sepals 6-10 mm long, 2.0 to 4.5 mm wide, lanceolate to lance elliptic, with 1-3 mm long fiber beard, densely covered with long, spreading glandular hairs. Petals 7-21 mm long, 3.5 to 15 mm wide, longer than sepals, ovate back on top targets or wide shallow hollow at the base slightly narrowed in short, wedge-shaped fibrous beard, pink - purple to dark red-purple. Stamen stems hidden in the shade. Fruit shares 3.5-5.0 mm long, 2.3 to 3.0 mm wide, smooth, fitting just the bottom and spread his glandular - wooly with preserved after ripening seeds thick, short just and scattered, long glandular pubescent, curved beard. Seeds 3 - 4 mm long, 2.0-2.5 mm wide, dark brown, with fine-net surface.

var. sylvaticum. Stems at the bottom just fibrous, with upside down hairs. Petiole just fibrous, with upside down hairs. Distributed in species boundaries.
var. glanduligerum Petrova et Koz., var. n. in Addenda. Spread purposes stems, simple and glandular pubescent. Spread petiole glandular pubescent.

Vitosha region (Verila), Pirin, Rila mountains.

Flowering Time: Blooms VI-VIII, fruitful VII-IX.

References:  „Флора на НРБ”, том VII, БАН, София (1979) 

Distribution in Bulgaria:

In grassy, rocky, often moist, shady wooded areas in mountains. Fore, Stara Planina, Znepole district, Vitosha Region, Western Frontier, Belasitza, Slavianka, Pirin, Rila and Central forest (Средна гора) mountains, West and Central Rhodope from 1000 until around 2200 meters altitude.

Distribution: Europe and Asia.

Conservation status and threats: it is not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is medical plant -


Geranium sylvaticum 1.


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