Lathyrus alpestris (W. et Kit.) Kit. ex Čelak.


Lathyrus alpestris (Waldst. et Kit.) Kit. ex Čelak., Ősterr. Bot. Zeitschr. XXXVIII (1888) 86; Ball, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 140; Orobus alpestris Waldst. et Kit., PI. Rar. Hung. 11 (1802) 133, t. 126 — Алпийско секирче
Fam  Leguminose Juss. (Fabaceae)
Genus:   Lathyrus L.
Species:Lathyrus alpestris (W. et Kit.) Kit. ex Čelak. 
English Name: x x x


A perennial plant. Rhizome thin, threadlike, horizontally, without tuber apparent thickening. Stems several, rarely single, (15.0) 20.0 - 30.0 (40.0) cm high, half lying or ascending, rarely upright, four edge, rounded down, without wings or at the top of a very close and unclear winged, bare or sparsely-fitting fibrous, unbranched. Stipule 3.0 - 8.0 (10.0) mm long and 5.0 - 8.0 mm wide, longer, rarely equal or slightly shorter than petiole, wider than the stem, closer than the small leaves, semi sagittate, naked. Leaves with handles, the axis with small awns. The leaves (2) 3 - 4 pairs (2.0) 3.0 - 4.0 (5.0) cm long and (5.0) 7.0 - 10.0 (12.0) mm wide, lance, lance elliptical or almost elliptical, 3 - 4 times longer than petiole, from the upper side shiny, dark green below, blunted tip, with short small awn, ciliary fibrous edge, from the upper side naked, bottom bare or at least short-fitting fibrous veins, with arched and mostly vague reticular development of veins. The handles of the inflorescence equal in length sheet in the inflorescence or longer than it, naked or short fiber. Bracts absent or in the form of short triangular membranous collar. Blossom handles equal to the tube of the calyxes, curved, naked or short fiber. Blossoms (3) 5 - 15 (20), (10.0) 11.0 - 14.0 (16.0) mm long.. The calyx is 1/2 of the corolla, fitting short fiber or goals, tube widely bell-shaped with 5 unclear streaks; lance triangular teeth, highly unequal with each other, the bottom almost equal in length to the tube. Corolla red purple. Flag 13.0 - 16.0 mm long and 11.0 - 12.0 (12.5) mm wide, wide ovoid back, the top indented, by mid narrower in wide fingernail. Wings equal flag, with reverse ovoid lamina, equal length of the fingernail. The keel 11.0 - 13.0 mm long and 3.0 - 4.0 mm wide, slightly shorter than the wings, with gradually bent at an obtuse angle lance elliptical, short tapered tip lamina, tongue 1/3 of the nail. Beans (2.5) 3.0 - 3.5 (4.0) cm long and 4.0 - 5.0 mm wide, brown, linear, goal, with grid streaks. Seeds 10 - 14, brown semi globular, smooth; scar is 1/4 of the circumference of the seed flat, linear.


subsp. alpestrisL. alpestris (Waldst et. Kit.) Reihenb. fil, Icon. XXII (1903) 158 t .; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 821. Stems in upper part rounded up four edge, without wings. Sheets closely elliptical to elliptical lanceolate or nearly elliptic, naked, dark green on top, bottom slightly opaque green. Stipule more or less equal to the petiole. Inflorescence equal of slips in the inflorescence or slightly longer. Calyx goal. In Bulgaria not meeting.
subsp. friedrichstalii (Griseb.) Kož., comb, p.; Orobus friedrichstalii Griseb., Spicil. FI. Rum. Bithyn. II (1845) 498; Lathyrus friedrichstalii (Griseb.) K. Maly in Aschers, et Graebn., Syn. VI (2) (1910) 1054; Hayek, I.c.; L. alpestris var. friedrichstalii (Griseb.) Stoj. et Stef., Fluoro. Bul. Ed. 1, II (1925) 696 Stems in the upper part slightly winged. Petals lanceolate or elliptical lance and tip more or less blunt, naked or at least fitting fibrous veins scattered, glistening below. Stipule longer than petiole, dark green on top. Inflorescences larger than the adjacent sheet. Calyx short-fitting, mostly to the base fiber. Vitosha Region (Vitosha Mountain), Rila and the Rhodope Mountains Average to 2200 meters altitude.
var. friedrichstalii. The leaves on the lower side bare. Distributed within the areal of the species.
var. skorpilii (Vel.) Kož., comb. n., Orobus skorpilii Vel., Sitzber. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 11 (1889) 321 et FI. Bulg. (1891) 159; L. friedrichstalii f. skorpilii(Vel.) Hayek, 1. c. The leaves on the lower side in fibrous veins. Distributed within the areal of the species.

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VII, fruitful VI - VIII.  

References:„Флора на HP България”, том VI, БАН, София, (1976)

Distribution in Bulgaria: It grows in the alpine shrub. Central Stara Planina (Balkan Mountain), Vitosha Region (Vitosha), Rila, Western and Middle Rhodopes mountains, between 1500 and 2500 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, ex Yugoslavia  - obviously Balkan endemic

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие. Not included in "Red Data Book of Bulgaria", vol. 1, Plants, Bulg. Acad. of Sciences, Sofia, (1984)

Medical plant: - it is not medical plant -


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