Lavatera thuringiaca L.
2041 (1). L. thuringiaca L., Sp. Pl.. ed. 1 (1753) 691; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1925) 549; Fernandes, Fl. Eur. II (1968) 252 — Лаватера
Fam: Malvaceae Juss.
Genus: Lavatera L.
Species: Lavatera thuringiaca L.
English Name: Garden tree-mallow
Perennial plant. The roots are big, many-headed, stiffened. Stems 25 – 200 cm high, erect, simple or branched in the upper half, densely star-shaped fiber. Stipules 4 - 7 mm long, pointed, star-shaped fibrous. Leaves 25 - 80 mm long and 30 - 100 mm wide, almost round to five-lobed; shares rounded or triangular; round or sharp toothed, matt green; above with scattered short, simple and stellar hairs; densely stellar fibrous below; petioles 5 - 90 mm long, densely star-shaped fibrous. Blossom petioles 15 - 40 (80) mm long, with stellar hairs; in the upper part near the blossom of bound particles. The blossoms are numerous; single in the grooves of the leaves, at the apex of the stem and the branches in short clusters. External sepals 6 - 10 mm long, fused from 1/3 to half, with 3 broadly ovoid or rounded, slightly folded, short pointed free shares; stellar fibrous; inner 9 - 15 mm long, nearly grown to half, with 5 triangular to lance, with tapering shares free at the apex; in the case of fruit slightly swollen, encompassing the fruit; stellar fibrous. Petals 18 - 55 mm long, triangular in reverse, deeply incised at the tip, densely silky fibrous nail; light pink red with dark veins. Stamens 8 - 45 mm long, with thick, upwardly pointed hairs. Fruit 12 - 14 mm in diameter, decaying from 20 - 23 brown to dark brown fruiting small shares; the dorsal wall of the latter with several convex longitudinal lines to a smooth, naked; lateral walls smooth to slightly furrowed, naked; edges rounded. Seeds black to gray brown, matte, in the cut part slightly whitish, smooth, naked.
var. thuringiaca; L. thuringiaca var. urumovii Neič., Period, list. LXIX, 1 - 2 (1908) 74; L. thuringiaca var. bulgarica auct. bulg. non Vel. Petals 3 - 4 times longer than inner sepals; the free shares of the last triangular, pointed. Distributed.
var. bulgarica Vel., Fl. Bulg. Suppl. 1 (1898) 59. Petals 2 times longer than inner sepals; the free shares of the last lance, pointed. Thracian Plain (Sadovo, Asenovgrad).
From: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, БАН, София, (1979)
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Lavatera thuringiaca, the garden tree-mallow, is a species of Lavatera native to eastern Europe and southwestern Asia, from southern Germany south to Italy, and east to southern Russia, Kazakhstan, and Turkey.
It is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to 1.8 m tall. The leaves are up to 9 cm long and broad, palmately lobed with three or five lobes, and downy with greyish hairs. The flowers are pink, 3–6 cm diameter, with five petals; they are produced throughout the summer.
There are two subspecies:
- Lavatera thuringiaca subsp. thuringiaca. Most of the species' range, except as below. Upper leaves bluntly lobed.
- Lavatera thuringiaca subsp. ambigua (DC.) Nyman. Southern France, Italy, western Balkans. Upper leaves acutely lobed.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - X. Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing on dry, grassy slopes, quite often along roads and in shrubs, in plains, hills and mountains. Distributed from the sea level up to 1600 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central and Southeastern Europe (to Central Italy and the northern European part of the USSR), Southwest Asia (Asia Minor), the Caucasus, Siberia.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: yes, it is medical plant - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на Н Р България”, том VII, БАН, София, (1979), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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