Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill.

2789 (2). L. dalmatica (L.) Mill., Gard. Diet. ed. 8, (1768) № 13; Стоян., Стеф., Фл. Бълг. изд. 1, II (1925) 995; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. II (1929) 141; Antirrhinum dalmaticum L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 616; L. genistifolm subsp. dalmatica (L.) Mill. Maire et Petitmengin, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nancy ser. 3, IX (1908) 403; Chater, Valdes et Webb, Fl. Eur. Ill (1972) 230; L. smithii Boiss. et Orph., Fl. Gr. exs. №711— Далматинска луличка

Fam:   Scrophulariaceae Juss.
Genus:   Linaria Mill.
Species: Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill.
English Name: Balkan toadflax, Broadleaf toadflax, and Dalmatian toadflax


Perennial plant. The root is spindle-shaped, vertical, branched, more or less woody at the top. Stem 60 - 90 cm high, erect, simple or branched from the middle upwards, bluish green, bare, often woody at the base. Leaves almost leshy, sessile, closely arranged, with 3 - 5 veins, gradually pointed towards the apex, hearth-shaped at the base and partly covering the stem; lower and middle ovate-lanceolate to ovate, 3 - 4 cm long and 1 - 1.5 cm wide, partly overlapping; upper ovoid-lance to lance, 2.5 - 4 cm long and 1 - 2 cm wide. The inflorescence loose a panicle or raceme, after flowering elongated. Bracts 1.5 - 2 cm long and 0.3 - 0.5 cm wide, ovate or ovoid-lanceolate, pointed, narrowed or rounded at the base, slightly longer in flowering, equal to or up to twice shorter than the flower petioles . Flower petioles 1 - 1.5 cm long. Calyx ovate-lance to broadly ovate, more or less heart-shaped at the base, pointed at the apex, narrowly cartilaginous at the edge, 5 - 6 mm long and 2 - 4 mm wide, glabrous. Corolla without spur (5) 10 - 15 mm, with spur 15 - 30 (35) mm long yellow; upper lip with short ovate, almost truncated shares at the apex; the lower inside at the base with orange hairs and with cut sections - the lateral ones are wider, almost rounded, the middle one is smaller, ovoid; spur narrowly conical, directed downwards, straight or slightly curved, 10 - 20 mm long. Box 5 - 7 mm long, ovoid, glabrous, shorter than the calyx. Seeds 1.3 - 1.6 mm long, three-walled, angular, warty, without membranous winged edges.


Var. dalmatica. Corolla together with the spur 20 - 30 (35) mm long; bracts slightly longer than the flower petioles. Widespread.

Var. tessala (Form.) Delip. et Popova, comb. et. stat. n .; L. dalmatica subsp. tessala Form., Verb. Naturf. Ver. Brun, XXXIV (1825) 316; L. macedonica Griseb., Spicil. Fl. Rumel. Bith. II (1844) 19; L. dalmatica var. macedonica (Griseb.) Vand., Rel. Formanek. (1909) 426; Stoyan., Stef. 1. c .; Corolla together with the spur 15 - 25 mm long; bracts about 2 times shorter than the flower petioles. Central and Western Stara Planina, Znepol and Vitosha region, Western border mountains (Osogovo mountain), Rila, Pirin, Western and Middle Rhodopes, Thracian lowland.

From:   „Флора на Република България”, том X, Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов”, Б А Н, София, (1995)

*     *     *     *     *
Linaria dalmatica is a herbaceous plant native to western Asia and southeastern Europe that has become a weed in other areas. Its common names include Balkan toadflax, broadleaf toadflax, and Dalmatian toadflax.[1]

Invasive species

Linaria dalmatica is listed as a noxious weed in 12 U.S. states.[2] It is a grassland invader native to the Mediterranean region, and it was introduced to North America in the late 1800s. It has fast-growing strong, horizontal roots, and can withstand cold, and is a problem for farms and grasslands in the interior of British Columbia.[3]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

*     *     *     *     *

Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII, fruitful: VIII - X.

References: „Флора на Република България”, том X, Академично издателство „Проф. Марин Дринов”, Б А Н, София, (1995), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing on rocky places in the mountains and foothills. Widespread, from sea level to 1800 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Central and Southeastern Europe, Siberia, the Caucasus, Southwest Asia (Asia Minor).

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act -

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.


© K.Nanev


© Copy right: K. Nanev© 2012. All rights reserved