Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds.

2595. (5). M. longifolia (L.) Huds., Fl. Angl. (1762) 221; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc., 11 (1930) 393; Harley, Fl. Eur., III (1972) 186; M. spicata var. longifolia L., Sp. Fl., ed. 1 (1753) 576; M. sylvestris L., op. c.,ed. 2, II (1763); 804; M. subsessilis Borb. in H. Br., Verh. Zool. Bot. Ges., XL (1890) 367; M. sylvestris subsp. brevifrons Borb. in Briq., Fragm. Mon. Lab., IV (1889) 112; M. discolor Opiz, 1853, n. nud.; M. coerulescens Opiz in Des., Bull. Soe. Sci. Angers (1882) 26; M. mollissima Borkh. nom. nud. in Gaerth. Mey. et Sonreb. (1799) 348; M. Wierzbiekiana Opiz, Naturalient. (1825) 983; M. nemorosa Willd.. Sp. PI., III, 1 (1800) 75; M. longifolia var. nemorosa (Wilid.) Stoj. et Stef., Флора Бълг., изд. 3 (1948) 1000; M. longifolia var. dobrogensis Prod., Bull. Inf. Cluj, V (1925) 108; M. longifolia var. cardilateri Prod., op. c., 109; M. longi­folia subsp. minutiflora (Borb.) Briq. op. c., IV (1876) 322; M. minutiflora Borb., Bot. Centralbl., XXVI (1886) 239, nom. nud. — Дълголистна мента 

Fam:   Labiatae Juss. (Lamiaceae)
Genus:   Mentha L.
Species: Mentha longifolia (L.) Huds.
English Name: Horse mint


Perennial fiber plant with unpleasant odor. The young stalks were naked in the spring, later fibrous; flowering stems 40 - 120 cm tall, usually very branched, short fibrous with gray or whitish hairs, sometimes quite diluted. The leaves 40- (50 - 90) -110 mm long and (10-) 20 - 40 mm wide, usually elongated elliptical or elongated lance, broadest near middle, acute, at the base heartbeat or half-heart, usually sitting down, lamina smooth or slightly rough, at the base especially fresh, green to gray wool on top, thicker, pale gray to white wooly with long hairs on the bottom; the indumentum on drying evenly matted, the underlying hairs simple, the basic cell 18 - 33 mm in diameter, on the edge clearly reduced, the teeth sharp, often unevenly distributed. The complicated inflorescence of many, usually narrowed vertebrae, forming a top class 40 - 100 mm long and (9-) 10-15 mm wide, often branched, very rarely in the lower part discontinued. The calyx (1,0-) 1,5 - 3,0 mm long, narrowly bell-like, fibrous, teeth more or less striking, almost equal. Flower stems fibrous. The corolla pink purple or white, 2.5 - 4.0 mm long. Fertile anthers 0,28 - 0,38 mm long. Nuts 0.54 - 0.79 mm long, brown to dark brown, mesh.

Note. To this species refers to Bulgaria indicated:
М. atriglandulosa - Бояна, Клисура, Княжево, Михайловград;
М. atriglandulosax bulgarica – Бояна, Берковица, Клисура, Врачанско;
М. atriglandulosa х coerulescens - Крапец, Симеоново, Казичене, Сандански, Бояна;
М. atriglandulosa х cuspidata - Берковица, Клисура, Бояна, Якоруда, Михайловград, Сандански, Гоце Делчев;
М. atriglandulosax cotonaesterifolia - Клисура, Врачанско;
М. atriglandulosax javorkae - Клисура, Михайловград, Плевен, Берковица, Оряхово, Никопол;
М. atriglandulosaх subintegrifolia - Берковица, Клисура, Бояна, Княжево;
М. brevifrons х atriglandulosa - Михайловград;
М. brevifrons х subintegrifolia - Берковица;
М. bulgaricax atriglandulosa - Сандански, Благоевград, с. Склаве, Благоевградско, Княжево;
М. bulgarica х fuliginosa - Сандански, Гоце Делчев, Хотово, Благоевградско;
М. bulgaricax subintegrifolia - Княжево;
М. bureschianaxbrevifrons - Михайловград;
М. coerulescena Op, 17 - Бояна, Мелник, Крапец, Драгалевци, Сандански;
М. coerulescens х disculor - Сандански, Бояна;
М. cuspidataх atriglandulosa - Сандански, Белица - Благоевградско;
М. cuspidata х coerulescens - Княжево, Железница;
М. cuspidataх fuliginosa - Бояна, Бистрица, Желява, Сандански, Мелник, Банско;
М. cuspidataxnemorosa - Сандански, Гоце Делчев;
М. cuspidata х modesta - Витоша;
М. discolor хatriglandulosa - Бояна, Панчарево, Казичене;
М. discolorxnemorosa - Клисура;
М. excedens х coerulescens - Бояна, Бистрица;
М. excedens subsp. Petkovii Trtm. et Urum. in Urum., Сп. Бълг. бот. друж., VII (1936) 49 - река Бистрица, Родопи (typus);
М. excedens хfuliginosa - Бояна, Сандански, Разлог, Гоце Делчев, Благоевград;
М. excedens х libidinosa - Бояна;
М. excedens х modesta - Княжево, Бояна, Бистрица, Клисура, Берковица, Вършец, Михайловград;
М. excedensxporocera - Михайловград, Берковица, Клисура, Врачанско;
М. falcata х fuliginosa - Сандански;
М. ferdinandiixatriglandulosa - Клисура, Берковица, Бояна, Михайловград, Княжево;
М. ferdinandiix bulgarica - Михайловград;
М. ferdinandiixjavorkae - Михайловград, Берковица;
М. ferdinandii хplanitiensis - София;
М. ferdinandiix subintegrifolia - Берковица, Михайловград;
М. fuliginosa х cuspidata - Сандански;
М. fulinginosax discolor - Бояна;
М. javorkae х coerulescens - Разлог, Белица, Сандански;
М. longifolia L. subsp. aequifrons (Trtm) Trtm. et Urum., Сб. БАН, XXX (1935) 6 - Берковица, Михайловград, Чипровци, Клисура;
М. longifolia subsp. bulgarica Trtm. et Urum., op. c., 8 - Берковица, Клисура, Михайловград, Бояна;
М. longifolia subsp. ferdinandii Trtm., Bot. Koz., XXIX (1932), 115 et in Urum., op. c., 10 - Михайловград, Берковица, Клисура, Вършец, София;
М. longifolia subsp. discolor var. Stranskyana - Разлог, Гоце Делчев, Банско, Сандански;
М. longifolia х cuspidata - Сандански;
М. longifolia subsp. Javorkae Trtm., op. c., 115 et Urum., op. c., 11 - Берковица, Клисура, Михайловград, Вършец;
М. longifolia subsp. modesta Trtm. et Urum. in Trtm., op. c., XXXI (1934), 213 et in Urum., op. c., 21 - Михайловград, Бяла Слатина, Клисура, Врачанско;
М. longifolia var. macedonica Trtm. et Urum. in Trtm., op. c., XXXI (1934) 256 et in Urum., op.
c., 18 - Сандански, Разлог, Гоце Делчев, Петрич;
М. macedonica х fuliginosa - Сандански, Бояна;
М. macedonica х libidinosa - Михайловград;
М. macedonica xnemorosa - Михайловград;
М. modesta auct. - Княжево, Панчарево, Михайловград;
М. modesta х excedens - Бояна, Княжево;
М. modesta хfuliginosa - Бояна;
М. mollis var. Petrovii Trtm. et Urum in Urum., op. c., 9 - Рилски манастир (typus!);
M. nemorosa subsp. atriglandulosa Trtm., op. c., XXIX (1932) 110 et in Urum., op. c., 7 - Кня­жево;
M. nemorosa x modesta - Михайловград;
M. nemorosa Willd. subsp. nemorosa - Своге, София, Градоман, Радомир, Бояна, Железница, Трън, Сандански;
М. nemorosa Willd. subsp. atriglandulosa Trtm., Bot. Koz., XXIX (1932), 110 et in Urum., op. c.,
7 - Бояна, Княжево, Казичене, Радомир, Клисура;
М. pallescens x atriglandulosa - Родопи, гр. Рила;
М. procera х excedens - Сандански;
М. subintegrifolia - Михайловград;
М. subintegrifolia х bulgarica - Клисура;
М. subintegrifolia xplanitiensis - Княжево;
М. subintegrifoliaxUrumovii - Княжево;
М. tomentosa var. Cakalovii Trtm. et Urum., op. c., 16 - Рилски манастир (typus!), Станке Димитров, Радомир;
М. Urumoviixsubentigrifolia - Клисура, Врачанско.

From „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989)

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Mentha longifolia (horse mint;[1] syn. M. spicata var. longifolia L., M. sylvestris L., M. tomentosa D'Urv, M. incana Willd.) is a species in the genus Mentha (mint) native to Europe excluding Britain and Ireland,[2] western and central Asia (east to Nepal and the far west of China), and northern and southern (but not tropical) Africa.[3][4][5] It is a very variable herbaceous perennial plant with a peppermint-scented aroma. Like many mints, it has a creeping rhizome, with erect to creeping stems 40–120 cm tall. The leaves are oblong-elliptical to lanceolate, 5–10 cm long and 1.5–3 cm broad, thinly to densely tomentose, green to greyish-green above and white below. The flowers are 3–5 mm long, lilac, purplish, or white, produced in dense clusters (verticillasters) on tall, branched, tapering spikes; flowering in mid to late summer. It spreads via rhizomes to form clonal colonies.[5][6][7]
Nicholas Culpeper's Complete Herbal (1653) states that "It is good for wind and colic in the stomach...The juice, laid on warm, helps the King's evil or kernels in the throat...The decoction or distilled water helps a stinking breath, proceeding from corruption of the teeth, and snuffed up the nose, purges the head. It helps the scurf or dandruff of the head used with vinegar."[8]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - X.

Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing on wet, grassy places, along streams, rivers and marshes in the lowlands and plains. Widespread, from sea level to 1200 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Europe, Caucasus, Siberia, South-West Asia, the Mediterranean.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: yes, it is. - Medicinal Plants Act -

References: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.


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