Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill.
577 (3). M. botryoides (L.) Mill. Gard. Dict. ed. 8 (1868) no. 1; Vel. F1 Bulg. (1891) 557; Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. III (1933) 91; Hyacinthus botryoides L. Sp. PL ed. 1 (1753) 318; Botryanthas vulgaris Kunth Enum. IV (1843) 311 — Горско кукувиче грозде
Fam: Liliaceae Hall.
Genus: Muscari L.
Species: Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill.
English Name: Grape hyacinth, Italian Grape Hyacinth, Common grape hyacinth, White Grape Hyacinth
Perennial plant. Bulb ovoid globose, medium-sized. Leaves basal, 2 - 3, erect, broadly linear, 2 - 13 mm wide, grooved, е,кьв or longer than the stem, gradually expanded at the apex. The inflorescence is first short, spherical - ovoid, then oblong-ovate, with very fragrant flowers, at the top there are several barren flowers. Fertil flowers with short petioles or petioles equal to dark blue or rarely white ovoid-spherical perianth, with whitish, turned back teeth. Barren flowers smaller, erect, pale blue. Fruit box back ovoid.
var. botryoides. The leaves are broadly linear, up to 13 mm wide, grooved. Inflorescence first globular ovate then oblong-ovate. Perianth teeth facing backwards. Widespread.
var. transsilvanicum Aschers. et Graebn. Son. III (1905) 273; M. transsilvanicum Schur Verh. Siegenb. Ver. IV (1859) 76; M. botryoides var. latifolium Beck Glasnik XV (1903) 212 (76); Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. III (1933) 91. Bulbs small, globose, with very dark scales. Stem usually not higher than 10 cm. The leaves are dense, 4 - 9 mm wide, dilated at the end. Inflorescence very short, with small flowers. Perianth 2 - 3 mm long, dark blue, with very short teeth. West Bulgaria.
var. kerneri Richter Pl. Eur. I (1890) 227. A small, delicate plant with narrowly linear, only 2 - .4 mm wide leaves, slightly narrowed at the base. Inflorescence short, slightly spreading. The flowers are small, with many buds, petioles and light blue perianth. Sofia, Rila, Pirin, Plovdiv.
Economic significance. Ornamental plant.
From: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964 )
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Muscari botryoides is a bulbous perennial plant of the genus Muscari and one of a number of species and genera known as grape hyacinth. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant.
The flowers are close together, and are almost totally round. The lower fertile flowers point downwards, while upper ones, usually paler and sterile, point upwards. The flowers are bright blue with white lobes at the end in the wild species, but other colours are available, including white. M. botryoides is originally from central and south-eastern Europe, growing in open woodland and mountain meadows.
The name botryoides is derived from the appearance of a miniature cluster of grapes. M. botryoides is said to be much less invasive than species such as M. neglectum, nevertheless it is listed as invasive in Tennessee.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Flowering Time: Blooms: III - V.
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in thinned, deciduous forests, shrubs, dry meadows and pastures, dry grassy areas, vineyards and fields throughout the country. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Iberian, Apennines, Balkan Peninsula, Caucasus, Asia Minor.
Conservation status and threats: nt protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на Народна Република България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964 ), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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