Narcissus poeticus L.
* N. poeticus L Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 289; N. majalis Curt. Bot. Mag. zu t 193 (1792) — Поетичен, бял нарцис
Fam: Amaryllidaceae Lindl.
Genus: Narcissus L.
Species: Narcissus poeticus L.
English Name: Poet's daffodil, Poet's narcissus, Nargis, Pheasant's eye, Findern flower, and Pinkster lily
Perennial plant. The bulb spherical to ovoid, 2.5 to 4 cm in diameter, wrapped in dark brown membranous old leaves. Stem 20 - 60 cm high, slightly flattened, at the apex with 1 (rarely more), partially reduced blossom. Leaves usually 4, linear, almost identical in length to the stem, 5 - 9 mm wide, dull grayish-green at the apex. The blossoms are white, aromatic, at the lower part perianth grows in a narrow, 2.5 - 3 cm long tube, and in the upper free, composed of 6 almost roundup to ovate, 2 - 2.5 cm long leaves. Crown shallowly similar to a pan, 2 - 3 mm high, yellow with red colored and finely serrated edge. The stamens and the style with the three twins protrude partly over the perianth tube. The three upper stamens are slightly shorter. The ovary and the perianth tube are partially flattened during flowering.
Similar to the previous species, in Bulgaria it is grown as an early spring ornamental plant in the gardens, even more often at altitudes above 1000 m. Smaller taxonomic units of this species, which are not small in number, have not been studied in our country. There have been no cases of astonishment so far.
Economic importance. Valuable spring ornamental plant, even preferred because of the aroma of its flowers. It is considered poisonous, even to a greater extent, because its bulbs also contain the narcipoietin alkaloid in addition to narcissin. The case for N. pseadonarcissas L. poisoning is also valid for this species.
From: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964)
Narcissus poeticus (poet's daffodil, poet's narcissus, nargis, pheasant's eye, findern flower, and pinkster lily) was one of the first daffodils to be cultivated, and is frequently identified as the narcissus of ancient times (although Narcissus tazetta and Narcissus jonquilla have also been considered as possibilities). It is also often associated with the Greek legend of Narcissus. It is the type species of the genus Narcissus and is widely naturalized in North America.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Flowering Time: Blooms: (III) IV - V.
Distribution in Bulgaria: Similar to the previous species, in Bulgaria it is grown as an early spring ornamental plant in the gardens, even more often at altitudes above 1000 m. Smaller taxonomic units of this species, which are not small in number, have not been studied in our country. There have been no cases of astonishment so far. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Iberian Peninsula, France, Italy, Southern Alps, Southern Balkans. Because in many places in Europe, after being introduced to culture, it has gone astray, it is difficult to pinpoint its original range.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: it is not medical plant - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964), From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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