Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.

* N. pseudonarcissus L. Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 289; Ajax Pseudonarcissus Haw. Monogr. Narc. 2 no. (1831) 13 — Лъжлив нарцис

Fam:   Amaryllidaceae Lindl.
Genus:   Narcissus L.
Species: Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
English Name: Wild daffodil, Lent lily


Perennial plant. The bulb is ovoid, 2.5 - 4 cm in diameter, covered with dark brown membraneous old leaves. Stem 15 - 40 cm high, slightly flattened. Leaves 4 - 6, basal, nearly equal to the length of the stem, linear, 7 - 20 mm wide, blunt at the apex, slightly furrowed, with a distinct midrib on the lower surface. Top vaginal membraneous leaf up to 5 cm long. The inflorescence of the perianth is narrowly tubular, 1.5 - 2.5 cm long. Perianth 2 - 4 cm long, broadly lance, ovate to oblong, mostly light yellow, spreading. Crown rather large, deeply bell-shaped, almost equal to the perianth petals, about 2 cm wide, marginally wavy cut, ovate yellow. Stem 4 - 5 mm longer than the stamens.

Economic importance. Because of its early flowering and its large and beautiful flowers, it is a valuable ornamental plant. Some particularly appreciate his squat shape. But because of the content in the bulbs and its colors of the alkaloid, narcissin (narcitin, liqueur) is considered poisonous and poisonings (in Bulgaria not) in cattle, pigs and goats have been observed.

From:   „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964)

Narcissus pseudonarcissus (commonly known as wild daffodil or Lent lily) is a perennial flowering plant.[1][2][3][4][5][6]
This species has pale yellow flowers, with a darker central trumpet. The long, narrow leaves are slightly greyish green in colour and rise from the base of the stem. The plant grows from a bulb. The flowers produce seeds, which when germinated, take five to seven years to produce a flowering plant. (Sexual [seed] reproduction mixes the traits of both parent flowers, so if garden hybrid cultivars are planted close to wild populations of Narcissus pseudonarcissus, there is a danger that the new seedlings, having hybrid vigour, could out-compete the wild plants.)[7]

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Flowering Time: Blooms: III - IV.

Distribution in Bulgaria: In Bulgaria, it is grown in many places as a garden early flowering ornamental plant and too often a bushy cultural form. The squishy form is found in a gone awry on the northern skirts of Western Belasitsa (Petrichko). (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: In the Western Mediterranean, but also in England and Belgium. It is doubtful whether the Balkan Peninsula is growing spontaneously. Wonder found at various places in Central Europe and others. The information about the Caucasus is contradictory.

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act -

Medical plant: no, it is not medical plant - Medicinal Plants Act -

References: „Флора на Н. Р. България”, том II, БАН, София, (1964), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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