Ophrys oestrifera M.-Bieb.

Fam:   Orchidaceae Lindl.
Genus:   Ophrys L.
Species: Ophrys oestrifera M.-Bieb.
English Name: x x x


Ophrys oestrifera M.-Bieb.


2. subsp. oestrifera - Gehörnte Unterart
Beschreibung: Pflanze schlank, zumeist hochwüchsig, 20 - 50 cm hoch. Laubblätter 3 - 6, die meisten am Grunde angehäuft. Blütenstand 5 - 25 cm lang, ziemlich locker, 3- bis 15 blütig. Blüten klein bis mittelgroß. Perigonblätter rosa bis violett, selten grün oder weiß. Seitliche Sepalen länglich-eiförmig, ziemlich stumpf, dreinervig mit grünen Mittelnerven, 12 - 14 mm lang, 5 - 7 mm breit, abstehend bis leicht zurückgeschlagen, das mittlere Sepalblatt stumpf, leicht vorgekrümmt bis zurückgeschlagen. Petalen dreieckig-Iänglich-zungenförmig, ziemlich kurz, 1,5 - 5 mm lang, 2 - 3 mm breit, stumpf, einnervig, papillös behaart. Lippe sehr klein und zierlich bis mittelgroß, 8 - 14 mm lang und breit, dunkelbraun, samtig, längsoval, im oberen Teil tief dreilappig. Seitenlappen zurückgeschlagen, nach oben in ein langes, zugespitztes, bis 12 mm langes Horn ausgezogen, außen dicht behaart. Mittellappen ziemlich gewölbt, Seitenränder zurückgeschlagen, vorne in ein aufwärts gerichtetes, kurzes, gelbgrünes Anhängsel ausgezogen. Zeichnung im oberen Teil der Lippe verteilt, aus gelblichen, bräunlichen oder bläulichen Streifen und Flecken bestehend.
Blütezeit: Von März bis Juni.
Höhenverbreitung: Von der Küste bis 1500 m.
Standort: Auf Ődland, im Gebüsch, an Böschungen, in lichten Wäldern.
Bastarde: Mit O. apifera, argolica, attica, holosericia, sphegodes, spruneri, tenthredi- nifera.
Bildnachweis: 6. 4. 1978, Wasilikon (Peloponnes), E. Willing.
"Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982),

*   *   *

Ophrys oestrifera M.-Bieb.

2. subsp. oestrifera - Horned subspecies
Description: Plant slender, usually quite tall, 20 - 50 cm high. Leaves: 3 - 6, the most accumulating at the base. Inflorescence 5 - 25 cm long, significantly loose, 3- to 15 flowered. Blossomrs small to medium in size. Perigonium leaves pink to purple, rarely green or white. Lateral sepals oblong-ovate, rather dull, three threads, with green midrib, 12 - 14 mm long, 5 - 7 mm wide, spreading to slightly repulsed, the middle sepals blunt, repulsed slightly pre-curved up. Petals triangular-oblong-tongue-shaped, quite short, 1.5 to 5 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide, blunt, nerved, papillose hairsLip very small and delicate to medium in size, 8 - 14 mm long and wide, dark brown, velvety, along oval, deeply three-lobed in the upper part. Side shares folded back up in a long, pointed, up to 12 mm long horn, pulled out outside densely hairy. Middle share rather arched, repulsed margins, front pulled in an upward, short, yellow-green appendages. Drawing in the upper part of the lip distributed, consisting of yellowish, brownish or bluish stripes and spots.
Flowering time: From March to June.
Height Spread: From the coast to 1500 m.
Habitat: On wastelands, on slopes, in sparse forests.
Bastards: With O. apifera, argolica, atica, holosericia, sphegodes, spruneri, tenthredi- nifera.
Origin pictures: . 4. 1978, Wasilikon (Peloponnese), E. Willing.
"Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982),

*   *   *

Note: This species is not presented in "Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964), but in "Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982), is appointed as usual for whole Bulgaria. See also www. B8 b. O. oestrifera group – Ophrys,

B8 b. O. oestrifera group

The old O. scolopax group B8 b. O. oestrifera group has now been splitted into three groups, O. scolopax group (B8 a), O. oestrifera group (B8 b) and O. heldreichii group (B8 c), due to intensive researches in the field and in herbaria made by J. Devillers-Terschuren and P. Devillers (Brussels, Belgium).
The O. oestrifera group as now understood, is a very large one, with at least 28 species distributed from Croatia in the west to eastern Anatolia, the Middle East and the Caucasus.
Probably many more species are still waiting to be spotted, as some of the newly described ones, like O. cerastes, for instance, are polytypic.
Some old, very well known names like O. oestrifera, O. cornuta and O. bremifera which were very much in use to design Greek Ophrys, apply indeed to plants from other countries, bremifera being an hybrid.
From: B8 b. O. oestrifera group – Ophrys,
See also: 10. ‘Hot Stuff’: The oestrifera group, part 1.

Flowering Time: From March to June.

References: "Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982), "Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964),

Distribution in Bulgaria: According to "Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982), in almost whole Bulgaria.

(Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Eastern Mediterranean and northern Asia Minor

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria, but all Family Orchidaceae Lindl., are protected by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is not -


2. 3.



© K.Nanev


© Copy right: K. Nanev© 2012. All rights reserved