Fam: Orchidaceae Lindl.
Genus: Orchis L.
Species: Orchis morio L.
Sð. PI. ed. 1 (1753) 940; Hayek Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. III (1933) 385
English Name: Green-winged Orchid
Photo: Pryce Buckle
It flowers from late April to June in the British Isles, and as early as February in other countries, such as France. The inflorescence is of various colours, mainly purple but ranging from white, through pink, to deep purple. From 5 to 25 helmet-shaped flowers grow in a loose, linear bunch at the top of the single stalk. The name morio is derived from the Greek word "moros" meanimng "fool". This refers to the colorful, green striped flowers. A pair of lateral sepals with prominent green, occasionally purple veins extend laterally like "wings", giving the orchid its name. The broad, three lobed, lower petal is pale in the center with dark spots. Leaves are lanceolate, or sometimes ovate, and grow in a rosette around the base of the plan, with some thinner leaves clasping the stem and sheathing almost up to the flowers. Leaves are green and unspotted. It grows in grassy meadows, especially on limestone rich soil, reaching a height of 40 cm.
Flowering Time:March - last days of May
Reference: Wikipedia, “Flora of Republic Bulgaria”, vol. II, Bulg. Acad. Sci. Sofia, (1964)
Distribution in Bulgaria: All of Bulgaria. Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc
Distribution: It is a native of western Eurasia, ranging from Europe to Iran. In the British Isles it is found in Central-southern England, Wales and Ireland. It grows in grassy meadows, especially on limestone rich soil, reaching a height of 40 cm.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие
Photo(s) taken on May, 16. 2005, Murgash
Medical plant: http://lex.bg/laws/ldoc/2134916096
Placed by kind permission of the proprietor
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