Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Reichenb.

Fam: Orchidaceae Lindl.
Genus:  Platanthera Rich.
Species: Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Reichenb.
English Name: Greater butterfy-orchid


Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Reichenb.

Grünliche Waldhyazinthe

Beschreibung: Pflanze stattlich, 20 - 50 cm hoch. Stengelsteif, kantig, hellgrün, mit 2 (selten 3 - 4) grundständigen Laubblättern und 3 - 5 lanzettlichen, zugespitzten tragblattartigen Stengelblättern. Grundblätter gegenstandig, kahl, hellgrün, fettglänzend, mit zahlreichen Längsnerven, aus stark verschmälertem Grunde länglich bis breiteiförmig, 6 - 20 cm lang, 2,5 - 3,5 cm breit. Blütenstand zylindrisch, bis zu 25 cm lang, fast immer locker, reichblütig. Tragblätter lanzettlich, zugespitzt, anfangs etwa so lang wie die Blüten, später noch auswachsend. Blüten ziemlich groß, in allen Dimensionen kräftiger als Pl. bifolia, weißlichgrün. Seitliche Sepalen schief eiförmig, abstehend, stumpflich bis etwas zugespitzt, 9 - 12 mm lang, 5 - 6 mm breit. Mittleres Sepal mit den Petalen zusammenneigend, herzförmig, stumpf, 5 - 10 mm lang, 7 - 9 mm breit. Petalen schmal-lanzettlich, sichelartig gekrümmt, stumpf, 6 - 8 mm lang, 2 - 3 mm breit. Lippe linealisch, nach abwärts gerichtet, stumpf, an der Spitze grünlich, 11 - 18 mm lang, 3 - 4 mm breit. Sporn waagerecht, fadenförmig, grünlich, 2 - 4 mm lang. Staubbeutelfächer nach unten auseinanderspreizend, meist bogenförmig gekrümmt.
Blütezeit: Von Mai bis August.
Höhenverbreitung: Von der Küste bis 1800 m.
Standort: In lichten Laub- und Nadelwäldern, im Gebüsch, in Magerrasen, in feuchten Wiesen, bevorzugt auf Kalk.
Bastarde: Mit Pl. bifolia.
Bildnachweis: 15.6.1977, Wildberg (Baden-Württemberg), H. Baumann.
"Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982),

*   *   *

Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Reichenb.

Description: Representative plant, 20 - 50 cm high. Stem stiff, edgy, light green, with 2 (rarely 3 - 4) basal leaves and 3 - 5 lanceolate, pointed, bract-like stem leaves. Basal leaves opposite, naked, pale green, fat shiny, with numerous longitudinal streaks, oblong to extended starting from a very narrow base,  6 - 20 cm long, 2,5 - 3,5 cm wide. Inflorescence cylindrical, up to 25 cm long, almost almost always loose, floriferous. Bracts lanceolate, pointed, at first about as long as the blossoms, later still grow. Blossoms quite large, in all dimensions stronger than Pl. bifolia, whitish green. Lateral sepals obliquely ovate, stick out, almost dumb to pointed to something, 9 - 12 mm long, 5 - 6 mm wide. The middle Sepal incorporate together with the petals, heart-shaped, blunt, 5 - 10 mm long, 7 - 9 mm wide. Petals narrowly lanceolate, sickle-like curved, blunt, 6 - 8 mm long, 2 - 3 mm wide. Lip linear, directed downwards, dull, greenish at the tip, 11 - 18 mm long, 3 - 4 mm wide. Spur horizontally, thready, greenish, 2 - 4 mm long. Anthers downward tops them apart, usually curved in an arc.
Flowering time: From May to August.
Height Spread: From the sea coast to 1800 m.
Habitat: In sparse deciduous and coniferous forests, in the bushes, in poor grassland, in moist meadows, preferably on calcareous soils.
Bastards: With Pl. bifolia.
Origin pictures: 06/15/1977, Wildberg (Baden-Württemberg), H. Baumann.
"Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982),

*   *   *

Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Reichenb.

Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Rchb. - Зеленоцветна платантера

660 (2). P. chlorantha (Custer) Rchb. in Mössl. Handb. ed. II (1828) 1565; Hayek Prodr. FL Penins. Balc. Ill (1933) 408; P. montana Rchb. ill Icon. Fl. Germ. XIII—XIV (1851) 123. Orchis chlorantha Custer Neue Alp. II (1827) 401 ~ Зеленоцветна платантера

Perennials. The tubers are oblong and spindly. Stem to 60 cm high; 2 - 3 lower leaves broadly oval, dull, others are shrinking rapidly upwards and pass in bracts. Bracts broadly lanceolate long as ovary. Inflorescence loose long or oval. Greenish white blossoms, nearly odorless. External perianth leaflets spread, oval Lancet. The middle widely oval, internal Lancet. Lip longer than other leaflets, whole, lanky linear greenish. Spur horizontal, green, threadlike, atop his thick as bat, 1.5 - 2 times longer than the ovary. Pockets Polinel above collected to base far apart.

"Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964),

*   *   *

Platanthera chlorantha, commonly known as greater butterfly-orchid, is a species of orchid in the genus Platanthera. It can be found throughout Europe and Morocco. The name Platanthera is derived from Greek, meaning "broad anthers", while the species name, chlorantha, means "green-flowered".
Greater butterfly-orchid is similar to lesser butterfly-orchid, Platanthera bifolia, which is about the same size, but with smaller flowers. Greater butterfly-orchid is a herbaceous perennial of medium height. Its leaves are broad, shiny and elliptical, with a large pair at the base, and much smaller, more lanceolate leaves up the stem. The flowers are greenish-white, scented of vanilla, with spreading sepals and petals. The lip of the flower is long, narrow and undivided. The flower has a very long spur. The flowers form a rather loose spike. The pollen masses diverge to touch both sides of the pollinating insect. Flowering in Britain is in June to July, but earlier in the south of Europe. The plant is found in woods, open scrub, and grassland including on chalk.[1]
Its world distribution is broadly endemic to Europe: from the British Isles in the west to European Russia and the Caucasus in the east; and from the coastal region of Norway to 65°N, down to the whole of Italy and the Balkans excluding most of Greece. There are scattered outliers in Spain, Turkey, and North Africa.[2]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

*   *   *

Flowering Time: Blooms: IV - VI.

References: "Die wildwachsende Orchideen Europas", H. Baumann, S. Künkele, Kosmos, Stuttgart, (1982), "Флора на НР България", том II, БАН, София, (1964), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Distribution in Bulgaria: In light woods, thickets, meadows, especially in the foothills and lower mountain belt up to 1200 meters altitude.

 Not very rare throughout the country, often in the western half. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.

Distribution: Almost all of Europe, Southwest Asia, Siberia - the Pacific Ocean to North Africa.

Conservation status and threats:  not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: yes, it is -

1. 2.

1. Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Reichenb.

2. Platanthera chlorantha (Custer) Reichenb.

 E-mail:                                                                                                                  © K.Nanev   


Copy right: K. Nanev© 2012. All rights reserved