Prunella grandiflora (L.) Scholler
2696 (1). P. vulgaris L., Sp. PL, ed. 1 (1753) 600; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc., II (1931) 264; Smith, Fl. Eur., III (1972) 162; Brunella vulgaris Moench, Meth. (1974) 414; Стоян., Стеф., Фл. Бълг., изд, 1,11 (1925) 936 — Обикновена пришница
Fam: Labiatae (Lamiaceae) Juss.
Genus: Prunella L.
Species: Prunella grandiflora (L.) Scholler
English Name: Self-heal
Perennial plant. The roots sloping or creping. Stem ascending, single or with few branches, high (12-) 15 - 50 (-60) cm, bare or unevenly fibrous, with a few hairs, more or less violet-colored. Leaves oblong ovoid or ovate lance, to the tip narrowing, entire or uneven serrated, (4-) (5 – 8) (-9.5) cm long, and 3.5 - 4.5 cm wide with (0-) 4 - 5 (-9) cm long petioles. Inflorescences distant from the last pair of stem leaves, ovate or prolonged ovate with 3 - 6 cm long petioles. The bracts are 13 - 20 mm long and 15 - 20 mm wide, seated, tunicate, reticulated to heart-shaped, with a gradually elongated tip and heart-based with rare hairs from the outside, violet-colored grooves. The calyx is 12 - 15 mm long, in the lower half with long hairs, to the top end violet colored, two-mouth; the upper lip with three almost the same broad and short triangular pointed teeth, the lateral slightly longer than the middle; lower lip deep 2-sided with elongated lancet teeth covered with hairs. Corolla 18 (28) -30 mm long, red-violet, blue-violet, rarely whitish, more than 2 times longer than the calyx, naked, with a slightly curved tube, double-sided; upper lip arched, bottom shorter, 3-part. The stamens hidden beneath the upper lip or slightly longer than it; the petioles of the long stamens on the top with a short dull appendage. The style longer than the corolla. Walnuts ovoid or round ovoid, about 2 mm long and 1.5 mm wide with a rounded tip and an appendage in the base.
From: „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989)
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Prunella grandiflora, the large-flowered selfheal, is an ornamental plant in the Lamiaceae family.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Prunella grandiflora (L.) Scholler is an accepted name
This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Prunella (family Lamiaceae).
The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 165955) with original publication details: Fl. Barb. 140 1775.
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Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VIII, Fruitful: VII - IX.
Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in meadows, pastures, grasslands predominantly in the mountain belt. Spread across all the mountains from 600 to 2600 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: and Atlantic Europe, the Caucasus, the Mediterranean.
Conservation status and threats: protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София (1989), Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, www.theplantlist.org/tpl1.1/record/kew-165955
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