Pulmonaria  rubra Schott.  


Genus:  PULMONARIA L.   

Species: Pulmonaria  rubra  Schott.

English Name:  Lungwort


Pulmonaria rubra is a clump forming, spreading herbaceous perennial. Its light green leaves are unspotted, elliptical, have entire leaf margins, a hairy upper surface  and are arranged in rosettes. Its red  flowers are 5 petaled and lobed, have a tubular corolla with 5 stamens and are produced in bunches along the stalks just above the foliage. The fruit is a dry 1-4 seeded drupe or nutlet. The roots are rhizomes which aid the spread of this plant. 

Pulmonaria rubra, commonly known as Red Lungwort, is native to the south east of Europe. Pulmonaria rubra is synonymus with Pulmonaria angustifolia ‘Rubra’ and Pulmonaria officinalis rubra.

The etymological root of the binomial name Pulmonaria is derived from the Latin pulmo ‘lungs’ in reference to its historic use. Rubra is from the Latin meaning ‘red’, in reference to the colour of the flowers.

Flowering TimeApril  -  May  

Origin:  „Флора на НР България”, том IX, БАН, София, (1989)

Distribution in Bulgaria

These plants grow in damp, shady, stony and woodland places as well in the foothills, as in the mountains. They may be found North- -East Bulgaria (dispersed), Balkan mountain (Stara planina), Знеполски- and Vitosha-regions, Belassitsa, Pirin, Rila, Rhodope mountains from 600 m up to 1800 m altitude. Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc 

Distribution:  Balkan Peninsula, East Carpathians (Rumania, Western Ukraine)

Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by theBiodiversity Law. Законодателство на Република България: Закон за биологичното разнообразие

Medical plant: it is not.

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Pulmonaria rubra 1.    Pulmonaria rubra 2.    Pulmonaria rubra 3.


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