Rosa caryophyllacea Besser
1479 (6). R. caryophyllacea Besser, Cat. Pl. Jard. Krzemien. SuppL IV (1815) 18; Klast., Fl. Eur. П (1968) 32; Hayek, Prodr. Fl. Penins. Balc. I (1926) 730; R. rubiginosa var. caryophyllacea (Besser) Besser ex Ser. in DC., Prodr. П (1825) 617; R. rubiginosa var. willdenoviana Regel, Tent. Ros. Monogr. (1877) 342 —Карамфилова шипка
Fam: Rosaceae Juss.
Genus: Rosa L.
Species: Rosa caryophyllacea Besser
English Name: not found common name
Shrub. Stems 1-2 m high with almost erect branches, with green or reddish crust. The spines are unequal, mostly large, hooked, often in pairs on the upper branches and needle-like or bristly, gathered in groups on the flowering branches and less often on the older ones. The leaves are 6 - 9 cm long; leaf petioles densely dotted with glands, hairs and small spines, rarely without hairs. Stipules 1 - 2 cm long and 0.5 - 1 cm wide, with triangular spreading tips, glabrous above, below naked or glandular, glandular ciliated. Leaves 5 - 7, ovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 2 - 4 cm long and 1.5 - 2.5 cm wide, glabrous above or very often covered with scattered small glands, densely glandular below and to varying degrees with hairs, glandular cilia. Flowers 4 - 5 cm in diameter, 3 - 5 in thyroid inflorescences, rarely single; flower petioles glabrous or bristly glandular, often longer than the hypanthium. Sepals with well-developed lateral lance appendages, white hairy on the inside, glandular on the outside and on the edge, turned backwards after flowering and draining until the fruit ripens. Petals bright pink. The stigmas of the style are white hairy. The fruits are ovoid spherical.
Economic significance. It can be used as an ornamental and medicinal plant. Fruits contain an average of 518 mg% of vitamin C in raw weight.
Flowering Time: Blooms: VI - VII. Distribution in Bulgaria: Growing in bushes in the plains and foothills. The Black Sea coast (Primorsko, Kosti — Burgas region), Sofia region, the Western border mountains (Kyustendil region), the Middle Rhodopes (the gorge of the Vacha river, Erkyupria), from sea level to 1000 m altitude. (Conspectus of the Bulgarian Vascular Flora) = conspectus&gs_l= Zlc.
Distribution: Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe.
Conservation status and threats: not protected species in Bulgaria by the Biodiversity Law. - Biological Diversity Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/zbran_22.08.15.pdf
Medical plant: no, it is not - Medicinal Plants Act - http://eea.government.bg/bg/legislation/biodiversity/ZLR_en.pdf
References: „Флора на НР България”, том V, БАН, София, (1973)
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